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Table 2 Changes in cardiovascular structure and function from baseline to second visit

From: Progression of endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, and arterial stiffness in stable kidney transplant patients: a pilot study

ParameterHealthy controls (n = 17)Kidney transplant patients (n = 18)Between-group comparison
BaselineSecond visitP-valueBaselineSecond visitP-valueBaseline results P-value
Brachial FMD (%)4.63 ± 3.023.51 ± 2.730.334.34 ± 3.452.82 ± 2.180.030.79
Brachial NMD (%)16.00 ± 5.4717.17 ± 5.180.3115.15 ± 6.0815.74 ± 3.880.680.67
Cf-PWV (m/s)6.96 ± 1.267.17 ± 1.500.517.83 ± 1.768.44 ± 2.280.030.10
Mean ABPI1.18 ± 0.081.21 ± 0.110.431.27 ± 0.151.23 ± 0.140.340.47
Mean CCA-IMT (mm)5.54 ± 1.085.73 ± 1.340.225.73 ± 0.956.07 ± 0.980.020.05
  1. Legend: n number of participants, FMD flow-mediated dilation, NMD nitroglycerin-mediated dilation, Cf-PWV carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, ABPI ankle-brachial pressure index, CCA-IMT common carotid intima-media thickness
  2. Data presented as mean ± SD