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Table 1 Overview of published case reports of a left ventricular pseudo aneurysm after purulent peri/pancarditis

From: Infectious pseudo-aneurysm of the left ventricle: a case report and a review of the literature

Study (Year of publication), [ref]Age (years)SexLocation pseudoaneurysmDiagnostic methodsMicro-organisminitial presentationOutcome
Sadan et al. (1981) [1]6FLeft ventricular posterior wallLeft ventriculogramStaph. AureusFemoral osteomyelitisSurvived
Wiegers et al. (1988) [2]28FLeft ventricular postero-medial wallEchocardiogram
Left ventriculography
Staph. AureusIntravenous drug abuser/bacteremiaDied
Roberts et al. (1991) [3]33FLeft ventricular posterior wallMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Echocardiogram
Left ventriculography
Staph. AureusIntravenous drug abuser/pericarditisNot reported
Campos et al. (1996) [4]8MLeft ventricular posterior wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomographic Scanning
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Staph. AureusFemoral osteomyelitisSurvived
de Boer et al. (1999) [5]2FLeft ventricular wallEchocardiogramStaph. AureusChicken pox/bacteremiaSurvived
Moraes et al. (1999) [6]4FLeft ventricular posterolateral wallEchocardiogram
Left ventriculogram
Staph. AureusPneumonia and subsequent septic arthritisSurvived
Osula et al. (2001) [7]33FLeft ventricular free wall (apical)Echocardiogram
Left ventricular angiogram
Staph. AureusIntravenous drug abuser/bacteremiaSurvived
Deng et al. (2003) [8]13FLeft ventricular lateral wallEchocardiogramStaph. AureusPneumoniaSurvived
Yamabi et al. (2004) [9]35MLeft ventricular posterior wallEchocardiogram
Left ventricular angiogram
Staph. AureusSepsisSurvived
Arifi et al. (2004) [10]20FLeft ventricular wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomographic Scanning
Staph. AureusSepsis/endocarditis mitral valveSurvived
Vijayvergiya et al. (2008) [11]52MLeft ventricular anterolateral wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomography Angiography
Streptococcus viridansPyopericardium/empyemaDied
Chen et al. (2010) [12]79FPosterior wall of the left ventricleComputed Tomography
Echocardiogram
Staph. AureusBacteremia/pericarditisSurvived
Wei et al. (2014) [13]18MLeft ventricular posterolateral wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomographic Scanning
Mycobacterium tuberculosisDyspnea low grade fever.Died
Nair et al. (2014) [14]6MLeft ventricular posterolateral wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomography Angiography
MRSA
Acinetobacter species
SepsisSurvived
Desai et al. (2015) [15]2FLeft ventricular lateral wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomography Angiography
No growth of organismsIntermittent feverSurvived
Krishna et al. (2015) [16]1.5FLeft ventricle below posterior mitral leafletTrans esophageal echocardiographyStaph. AureusFever/pericarditisSurvived
Lindblom et al. (2015) [17]48MLeft ventricular posteroinferior wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomography
No growth of organismsFever/pericarditisSurvived
Sunkara et al. (2015) [18]48MLeft ventricular basal infero-lateral wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomography Angiography
Streptococcus ViridansPericarditisDied
Arora et al. (2015) [19]6MLeft ventricular inferior septal wallEchocardiogramMRSASepsis/arthritisSurvived
Yeh et al. (2016) [20]46MLeft ventricular antero-lateral wallComputed Tomography
Cardiac catheterization
Klebsiella pneumoniaeFever/PericarditisSurvived
Sreevathsa et al. (2018) [21]9MLeft ventricular posteroinferior wallEchocardiogram
Computed Tomography
Left ventricular angiography
Mycobacterium TuberculosisRetrosternal chest pain/palpitationsSurvived
Sreevathsa et al. (2018) [21]3FPosterior wall of the left ventricleNot reportedPossible Mycobacterium TuberculosisTibial osteomyelitisNot reported
Sreevathsa et al. (2018) [21]6FLeft ventricular posterolateral wallEchocardiogramPossible Varicella ZosterVaricella zoster infectionDied
  1. F Female, M Male, Staph. Aureus Staphylococcus Aureus, MRSA Multi resistant Staphylococcus Aureus