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Table 3 Factors associated with hypertension in male and female population

From: The prevalence, awareness, management and control of hypertension in men and women in Benin, West Africa: the TAHES study

FactorsFEMALESMALES
Multivariable analysisa
OR (95% CI)pOR (95% CI)p
Age (y)1.05 (1.04–1.06)<0.00011.03 (1.01–1.04)<0.0001
Marital status
 SingleRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Married/in couple0.92 (0.54–1.55)0.74990.86 (0.52–1.45)0.5752
 Widowed/divorced/separated0.98 (0.52–1.85)0.95471.38 (0.50–3.81)0.5280
Education
 NoneRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Primary0.87 (0.56–1.37)0.55830.91 (0.59–1.41)0.6763
 Higher1.32 (0.58–3.00)0.50381.21 (0.65–2.34)0.5519
Occupation
 Employee/government employeeRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Craftsman/storekeeper0.98 (0.33–2.93)0.97451.21 (0.63–2.34)0.5706
 Farmer/breeder/fisherman1.30 (0.41–4.16)0.65501.37 (0.64–2.90)0.4169
 Homemade/retired2.06 (0.55–7.73)0.28957.19 (0.75–69.29)0.0876
 Jobless1.46 (0.40–5.34)0.56380.85 (0.26–0.74)0.7804
Religion
 ChristiansRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Animists1.52 (1.06–2.16)0.02111.75 (1.17–2.62)0.0068
 Other0.94 (0.51–1.73)0.84081.72 (0.76–3.89)0.1921
Depression
 NoRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Yes1.94 (0.54–1.66)0.84441.55 (2.56–1.19)0.1277
Anxiety
 NoRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Yes0.87 (0.57–1.40)0.57891.77 (0.91–3.42)0.0922
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 18.5–25Ref. 1 
 < 18.50.56 (0.31–0.99)0.04821.29 (0.75–2.22)0.3593
 25–302.16 (1.49–3.12)< 0.00011.89 (1.19–3.02)0.0069
> 303.02 (1.89–4.81)< 0.00015.28 (2.36–11.77)< 0.0001
Tobacco
 NoRef. 1 
 Yes0.75 (0.39–1.46)0.40320.83 (0.57–1.19)0.4916
Diabetes    
NoRef. 1 Ref. 1 
Yes0.83 (0.34–2.00)0.67231.43 (0.53–3.86)0.4761
Physical activity
 ≥ 150 min/weekRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 < 150 min/week1.44 (1.05–1.95)0.02450.99 (0.68–1.44)0.9520
 ≥ 5/dayRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 < 5/day0.95 (0.55–1.65)0.85671.13 (0.61–2.10)0.6993
Alcohol consumption
 AbstainersRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Light0.73 (0.51–1.04)0.08380.74 (0.45–0.98)0.0467
 Moderate to heavy1.05 (0.64–1.73)0.67231.14 (0.73–1.78)0.5732
Salt consumption
 RarelyRef. 1 Ref. 1 
 Often or very often1.42 (1.02–1.97)0.03650.83 (0.57–1.20)0.3168
  1. aAdjusted for demographic and socio-economic, cardiovascular risk factors and nutritional factors