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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: The prevalence, awareness, management and control of hypertension in men and women in Benin, West Africa: the TAHES study

 Total Population
n (%)
Men
n (%)
Women
n (%)
p
Men vs. Women
Total sample size1777695 (39.1)1082 (60.9)0.2732
Sociodemographic variables
 Age (y)42.5 ± 16.543 ± 16.842.1 ± 16.40.2732
Marital status< 0.0001
 Married/in couple1336 (75.2)554 (79.7)782 (72.3) 
 Single213 (12.0)116 (16.4)97 (9.0)
 Widowed/divorced/separated228 (12.8)25 (3.6)203 (18.7)
Education< 0.0001
 None1175 (66.1)348 (50.1)827 (76.4) 
 Primary406 (22.9)216 (31.1)190 (17.6)
 Higher196 (11.0)131 (18.8)65 (6.0)
Occupation< 0.0001
 Farmer/breeder/fisherman337 (18.9)181 (26.0)156 (14.4) 
 Craftsman/storekeeper1170 (65.8)385 (55.4)785 (72.6)
 Employee/government employee130 (7.3)93 (13.4)37 (3.4)
 Homemade/retired50 (2.8)6 (0.9)44 (4.1) 
 Jobless90 (5.1)30 (4.3)60 (5.5)
Religiona< 0.0001
 Christians1009 (61.6)374 (56.4)635 (65.1) 
 Animists529 (32.3)254 (38.3)275 (28.2)
 Other101 (6.2)35 (5.3)66 (6.7)
Average household income / month< 0.0001
 Low1011 (56.9)237 (34.1)774 (71.5) 
 Middle748 (42.1)447 (64.3)301 (27.8) 
 High18 (1.0)11 (1.6)7 (0.7) 
Depression171 (9.7)54 (7.8)117 (10.8)0.0400
Anxiety249 (14.0)63 (9.1)186 (17.2)< 0.0001
Cardiovascular risk factors
Body mass index: kg/m224.2 ± 11.923.2 ± 6.524.8 ± 5.6< 0.0001
 < 18.5210 (11.9)97 (14.0)114 (10.5) 
 18.5–251032 (58.3)436 (63.0)595 (55.1) 
 25–30374 (21.1)129 (18.6)245 (22.7) 
> 30155 (8.7)30 (4.4)125 (11.7) 
Tobacco use152 (8.6)93 (13.4)59 (5.5)< 0.0001
 Smoked tobacco100 (5.6)78 (11.2)22 (2.0)< 0.0001
 Chewed tobacco76 (4.9)29 (4.2)47 (4.3)0.0658
Diabetesb55 (3.1)21 (3.1)34 (3.2)0.9168
Physical activity < 150 min/week1037(58.4)394 (56.7)643 (59.4)0,2182
Hypertension584 (32.9)228 (32.8)356 (33.0)0.9342
Nutritional variables
 Fruits and vegetables < 5/day1603 (90.2)618 (88.9)985 (91.0)0.1512
 Alcohol consumption< 0.0001
  Abstainers847 (47.7)196 (28.2)651 (60.2) 
  Light513 (28.9)200 (28.8)310 (28.7) 
  Moderate to heavy417 (23.5)299 (43.0)118 (10.9) 
 Salt intake (often or very often)c1029 (58.6)344 (49.7)685 (63.3)< 0.0001
  1. adata were available for 1639 participants
  2. bdata were available for 1750 participants
  3. cdata were available for 1755 participants