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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Dietary intervention with a specific micronutrient combination for the treatment of patients with cardiac arrhythmias: the impact on insulin resistance and left ventricular function

  Verum (n = 29) Placebo (n = 25) V vs. P
x ± SD x ± SD p-value
Sex (n/%)
 female 14 (48.3%) 13 (52.0%) 1.000
 male 15 (51.7%) 12 (48.0%)
Age (years) 59.7 ± 10.2 59.8 ± 13.8 0.524
Height (cm) 171.9 ± 8.8 171.0 ± 9.1 0.740
Weight (kg) 82.0 ± 17.9 82.9 ± 14.7 0.561
BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 4.8 28.3 ± 4.2 0.535
  < 25.0 kg/m2 (n/%) 10 (34.5%) 7 (28.0%) 0.940
 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 (n/%) 11 (37.9%) 11 (44.0%)
  ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 (n/%) 8 (27.6%) 7 (28.0%)
WC female (cm) 88.9 ± 13.1 87.6 ± 9.6 0.847
  ≥ 88 cm (n/%) 9 (31.0%) 5 (20.0%) 0.449
WC male (cm) 103.6 ± 14.6 106.6 ± 8.8 0.286
  ≥ 102 cm (n/%) 8 (27.6%) 9 (36.0%) 0.429
WHtR 0.558 ± 0.080 0.565 ± 0.064 0.602
  ≥ 0,5 (n/%) 21 (72.4%) 20 (80.0%) 0.545
BP systolic (mmHg) 142.2 ± 17.4 134.7 ± 12.5 0.077
  ≥ 130 mmHg (n/%) 23 (79.3%) 16 (64.0%) 0.239
BP diastolic (mmHg) 86.3 ± 9.7 82.2 ± 8.6 0.160
  ≥ 85 mmHg (n/%) 16 (55.2%) 9 (36.0%) 0.182
Heart rate/min 71.4 ± 12.5 72.9 ± 12.7 0.773
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHtR waist to height ratio, BP blood pressure