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Table 2 Correlation between visual grading of myocardial FDG uptake and metabolic factors

From: The association between diabetes mellitus and reduction in myocardial glucose uptake: a population-based 18F-FDG PET/CT study

Parameters Grade 0 (n = 46) Grade 1 (n = 44) Grade 2 (n = 62) Grade 3 (n = 39) r P value
Male (%) 89.1 72.7 61.3 46.2 − 0.319 < 0.001*
Age (years) 48.0 ± 7.9 50.7 ± 9.7 49.8 ± 9.2 48.8 ± 9.0 0.107 0.139
BMI (kg/m2) 25.6 ± 3.1 25.3 ± 2.9 24.3 ± 2.7 24.1 ± 2.9 −0.176 0.015*
Current smokers (%) 34.6 24.4 26.9 14.1 −0.222 0.002*
Current drinkers (%) 27.1 31.4 28.6 12.9 −0.161 0.026*
ALT (u/L) 30.5 (19.8, 42.0) 25.5 (21.0, 35.8) 22.0 (18.0, 30.3) 19.0 (14.0, 29.0) −0.281 < 0.001*
AST (u/L) 20.8 ± 7.0 19.6 ± 6.0 18.8 ± 4.4 18.1 ± 4.6 −0.127 0.080
γ-GT (u/L) 44.0 (27.8, 72.8) 34.0 (23.3, 68.5) 25.0 (18.0, 43.8) 24.0 (15.0, 37.0) −0.345 < 0.001*
TC (mmol/ L) 5.20 ± 1.36 5.10 ± 0.85 4.84 ± 0.81 5.17 ± 1.09 −0.026 0.719
TG (mmol/ L) 2.78 (1.77, 4.01) 2.53 (1.78, 3.81) 2.11 (1.45, 2.67) 2.03 (1.52, 2.71) −0.231 0.001*
HDL-C (mmol/ L) 1.05 ± 0.27 1.09 ± 0.20 1.24 ± 0.28 1.27 ± 0.30 0.326 < 0.001*
LDL-C (mmol/ L) 2.60 ± 0.84 2.53 ± 0.54 2.36 ± 0.51 2.55 ± 0.67 −0.042 0.569
TC/HDL-C 5.21 ± 1.79 4.81 ± 1.19 4.09 ± 1.16 4.22 ± 1.24 −0.291 < 0.001*
Lipoprotein(a) (mg/L) 61.5 (37.8, 131.0) 64.0 (49.0, 125.0) 65.5 (44.8, 116.5) 73.0 (37.0, 122.0) −0.006 0.934
TSH (μIU/ml) 2.02 (1.44, 2.83) 2.03 (1.47, 2.64) 2.16 (1.56, 3.53) 2.16 (1.48, 3.25) 0.093 0.201
Fasting glucose (mmol/ L) 6.28 ± 1.57 5.97 ± 1.16 5.64 ± 1.10 5.45 ± 0.51 −0.219 0.002*
HbA1c(%) 5.85 ± 1.01 5.81 ± 0.98 5.45 ± 0.69 5.45 ± 0.44 −0.173 0.018*
Fasting insulin (mIU/L) 7.90 (5.46, 10.40) 7.40 (4.86, 9.92) 5.70 (4.51, 6.78) 5.20 (4.00, 6.89) −0.322 < 0.001*
HOMA-IR 2.17 (1.38, 2.88) 1.91 (1.36, 2.47) 1.29 (1.06, 1.63) 1.37 (0.95, 1.60) −0.365 < 0.001*
NAFLD (%) 54.5 24.2 18.2 3.0 −0.337 < 0.001*
VAT volume (cm3) 1462 (1214, 1833) 1571 (1042, 1900) 1339 (950, 1731) 1084 (766, 1450) −0.239 0.001*
SAT volume (cm3) 1693 (1354, 2021) 1712 (1396, 2190) 1781 (1516, 2183) 1841 (1490, 2375) 0.116 0.109
  1. BMI: body mass index, ALT: glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, AST: glutamic-oxalacetic transaminease, γ-GT: glutamyl transpeptidase, TC: total cholesterol, TG: triglyceride,HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol, NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, VAT: visceral adipose tissue, SAT: subcutaneous adipose tissue
  2. HOMA-IR = fasting glucose×fasting insulin /22.5
  3. * indicates statistically significant difference.