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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study subjects

From: The association between diabetes mellitus and reduction in myocardial glucose uptake: a population-based 18F-FDG PET/CT study

Parameters NFG (n = 140) IFG (n = 26) Diabetes (n = 25) P value
Male (%) 65.0 65.4 84.0 0.169
Age (years) 48.0 ± 9.0 51.4 ± 9.1 50.2 ± 8.3 0.143
BMI (kg/m2) 24.6 ± 2.9 24.5 ± 2.2 26.6 ± 3.2 0.004*
Current smokers (%) 37.9 42.3 56.0 0.233
Current drinkers (%) 35.7 34.6 44.0 0.711
ALT (u/L) 24.0 (16.3, 32.0) 25.5 (19.0, 36.0) 28.9 (21.5, 54.5) 0.020*#
AST (u/L) 18.9 ± 4.7 19.7 ± 6.7 21.3 ± 8.1 0.128
γ-GT (u/L) 27.0 (19.0, 47.8) 36.0 (20.5, 70.8) 46.0 (32.0, 90.0) < 0.001*#
TC (mmol/ L) 4.95 ± 0.95 5.11 ± 1.09 5.59 ± 1.28 0.015*
TG (mmol/ L) 2.16 (1.52, 2.96) 2.51 (1.87, 3.67) 3.20 (2.39, 5.83) 0.001*#
HDL-C (mmol/ L) 1.19 ± 0.27 1.23 ± 0.33 0.99 ± 0.19 0.002*
LDL-C (mmol/ L) 2.44 ± 0.60 2.43 ± 0.56 2.86 ± 0.83 0.009*
TC/HDL-C 4.36 ± 1.29 4.41 ± 1.39 5.80 ± 1.58 < 0.001*
Lipoprotein (a) (mg/L) 63.0 (44.0, 115.0) 87.0 (44.0, 151.8) 66.0 (42.5, 126.5) 0.518#
TSH (μIU/ml) 2.09 (1.51, 3.23) 2.03 (1.22, 2.60) 2.33 (1.58, 2.72) 0.454#
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.31 ± 0.42 6.40 ± 0.19 8.18 ± 1.61 < 0.001*
HbA1c (%) 5.35 ± 0.35 5.76 ± 0.50 7.04 ± 1.35 < 0.001*
Fasting insulin (mIU/L) 5.98 (4.44, 8.11) 5.63 (5.10, 7.99) 9.13 (5.68, 13.24) 0.001*#
HOMA-IR 1.39 (1.01, 1.98) 1.56 (1.42, 2.31) 3.33 (2.42, 4.68) < 0.001*#
NAFLD (%) 14.3 15.4 36.0 0.029*
VAT volume (cm3) 1281 (875, 1709) 1452 (1114, 1714) 1699 (1364, 2068) 0.002*#
SAT volume (cm3) 1778 (1491, 2217) 1736 (1330, 2343) 1714 (1452, 2277) 0.999#
  1. BMI: body mass index, ALT: glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, AST: glutamic-oxalacetic transaminease, γ-GT: glutamyl transpeptidase, TC: total cholesterol, TG: triglyceride,HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol, NAFLD: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, VAT: visceral adipose tissue, SAT: subcutaneous adipose tissue
  2. HOMA-IR = fasting glucose×fasting insulin /22.5
  3. * indicates statistically siegnificant difference, # indicates Kruskal-Wallis test.