Skip to main content

Table 5 Association between treatment adherence and blood pressure among patients (n = 605)

From: Treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome among hypertensive out-patients in two tertiary hospitals in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria

Evaluation parameters   Number Baseline SBP (mmHg)
Mean ± SD
Baseline DBP (mmHg)
Mean ± SD
2-month SBP (mmHg)
Mean ± SD
2-month DBP (mmHg)
Mean ± SD
Medication Adherence 54 122.9 ± 11.4 78.4 ± 8.4 121.2 ± 11.0 75.1 ± 10.8
  Non-adherence 551 152.2 ± 21.6 87.8 ± 11.6 135.5 ± 15.7 80.7 ± 10.3
    P = 0.000* P = 0.000* P = 0.000* P = 0.000*
Cigarette smoking cessation Adherence 531 148.4 ± 22.3 87.0 ± 11.5 133.6 ± 15.3 80.2 ± 10.3
  Non-adherence 74 158.1 ± 21.7 86.6 ± 12.4 138.3 ± 18.9 80.4 ± 11.4
    P = 0.000* P = 0.792 P = 0.018* P = 0.877
Alcohol cessation Adherence 480 149.2 ± 23.2 87.2 ± 11.9 134.1 ± 15.3 80.6 ± 10.4
  Non-adherence 125 150.9 ± 19.3 86.1 ± 12.4 134.4 ± 16.8 78.8 ± 10.5
    P = 0.447 P = 0.420 P = 0.839 P = 0.079
Exercise regimen Adherence 144 145.7 ± 21.3 86.0 ± 10.4 133.4 ± 15.5 79.4 ± 10.2
  Non-adherence 461 150.8 ± 22.7 87.2 ± 12.0 134.4 ± 16.0 80.5 ± 10.5
    P = 0.016* P = 0.280 P = 0.506 P = 0.277
Dietary salt restrictions Adherence 161 147.4 ± 22.5 86.4 ± 11.0 134.7 ± 15.0 80.2 ± 10.8
  Non-adherence 444 150.4 ± 22.4 87.2 ± 11.9 134.0 ± 16.2 80.3 ± 10. 4
    P = 0.636 P = 0.497 P = 0.624 P = 0.909
Overall lifestyle modification Adherence 36 147.9 ± 21.3 85.2 ± 9.6 134.8 ± 15.5 81.0 ± 10.7
  Non-adherence 569 149.7 ± 22.6 87.1 ± 11.8 134.2 ± 15.9 80.2 ± 10.4
    P = 0.145 P = 0.357 P = 0.817 P = 0.637
  1. SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure, SD Standard deviation, *Significance difference with student’s t-test at p < 0.05