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Table 2 Association between relevant categorical variables and medication adherence assessed using modified Morisky Adherence Predictor Scale

From: Treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome among hypertensive out-patients in two tertiary hospitals in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria

Socio-demographic characteristics Adherence (Score < 1) Non-adherence (Score ≥ 1) X2 P-value
Sex N (%) N (%)   
 Male 26 (48.1) 221 (40.1) 1.316 0.251
 Female 28 (51.9) 330 (59.9)   
Age in years
 20–39 5 (9.3) 56 (10.2) 0.959 0.811
 40–59 32 (59.3) 316 (57.4)   
 60–79 17 (31.5) 170 (30.9)   
 ≥ 80 0 (0.0) 9 (1.6)   
Educational Level
 None 2 (3.7) 76 (13.8) 12.759 0.013*
 Arabic education 11 (20.4) 146 (26.5)   
 Primary education 10 (18.5) 140 (25.4)   
 Secondary education 17 (31.5) 103 (18.7)   
 Tertiary education 14 (25.9) 86 (15.6)   
Occupation
 Unemployed 14 (25.9) 97 (17.6) 6.579 0.254
 Business/Trading 21 (38.9) 256 (46.5)   
 Civil servants 13 (24.1) 102 (18.5)   
 Retired 2 (3.7) 15 (2.7)   
 Farming 1 (1.9) 51 (9.3)   
 Artisan 3 (5.6) 30 (5.4)   
Number of antihypertensive medication
 1 14 (25.9) 66 (12.0) 10.381 0.006*
 2 22 (40.7) 206 (37.4)   
 ≥ 3 18 (33.3) 279 (50.6)   
  1. X2 = Chi Square, Level of significance p < 0.05, *Significant difference with Chi-square