Skip to main content

Table 2 Basic characteristics of participants regarding the number of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in 2012

From: Relationship of ideal cardiovascular health metrics with retinal vessel calibers and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness: a cross-sectional study

  Number of ideal cardiovascular health metrics p value p trend
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 or 7
Total(n) 94 393 803 878 642 278 71   
Women (%,n) 6.4 (6) 26.0 (102) 34.6 (278) 44.7 (392) 55.0 (353) 66.2 (184) 71.8 (51) < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Age, y (mean ± SD) 55.3 ± 6.9 56.4 ± 8.7 56.6 ± 9.2 56.3 ± 10.4 56.0 ± 10.4 55.3 ± 11.3 54.7 ± 9.2 0.0023 0.12
Previous history of disease
 Diabetes (%,n) 29.8 (28) 22.4 (88) 14.5 (116) 5.9 (52) 5.3 (34) 1.1(3) 0 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
 Hypertension (%,n) 55.3 (52) 54.5 (214) 42.7 (343) 33.5 (294) 23.2 (149) 12.6 (35) 9.9 (7) < 0.0001 < 0.0001
 Dyslipidemia (%,n) 35.1 (33) 30.8 (121) 21.5 (173) 14.5 (127) 7.8 (50) 6.5 (18) 4.2 (3) < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Family history of stroke (%,n) 4.3 (4) 2.8 (11) 4.0 (32) 3.1 (27) 3.6 (23) 2.2 (6) 4.2 (3) 0.77 0.62
education (%, n)         < 0.0001 < 0.0001
 High school or college 3.4 (29) 11.4 (97) 22.0 (187) 30.9 (263) 22.4 (190) 7.9 (67) 2.0 (17)   
 Middle school 3.0 (50) 15.0 (251) 30.0 (495) 27.9 (465) 17.2 (287) 6.2 (103) 1.1 (18)   
 Illiteracy/Primary 2.3 (15) 7.0 (45) 18.9 (121) 23.4 (150) 25.8 (165) 16.9 (108) 5.6 (36)   
average monthly income of every family member (¥)         < 0.0001 0.47
  > 3000 3.5 (22) 11.6 (73) 25.4 (159) 28.4 (178) 21.1 (132) 7.7 (48) 2.4 (15)   
 1000-3000 2.7 (44) 12.5 (201) 25.2 (405) 26.9 (433) 20.9 (336) 9.5 (153) 2.3 (37)   
  < 1000 3.0 (28) 12.9 (119) 25.9 (239) 28.9 (267) 18.9 (174) 8.3 (77) 2.1 (19)   
  1. SD standard deviation