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Table 2 Laboratory examinations and echocardiographic characteristics of thrombosis group and control group

From: Predictive value of left atrial appendage lobes on left atrial thrombus or spontaneous echo contrast in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

  Total
(n = 472)
LAT /LASEC
group (n = 80)
Non-LAT/LASEC group (n = 392) P value
Laboratory examinations
 Hb (g/l) 133.8 ± 17.8 130.7 ± 13.1 134.0 ± 18.6 0.049*
 Plt (*10^9/l) 186.9 ± 61.6 183.0 ± 54.3 187.7 ± 63.2 0.576
 ALT(U/L) 28.6 ± 61.0 22.6 ± 21.1 30.0 ± 66.7 0.361
 AST(U/L) 29.7 ± 75.7 24.1 ± 13.8 30.9 ± 83.9 0.508
 sCr (mmol/l) 81.3 ± 25.0 85.7 ± 24.8 80.2 ± 25.0 0.102
 BUN (mmol/l) 6.3 ± 2.1 5.7 ± 1.7 6.2 ± 2.1 0.167
 D-Dimer 0.53 ± 1.67 0.48 ± 0.43 0.54 ± 1.62 0.700
Transthoracic echocardiographic parameters
 LAD (mm) 45.2 ± 6.8 48.1 ± 7.5 44.6 ± 6.5 < 0.001*
 LVESD (mm) 30.6 ± 5.6 31.6 ± 5.3 30.4 ± 5.6 0.092
 LVEDD (mm) 47.4 ± 5.0 47.5 ± 5.1 47.3 ± 4.5 0.755
 IVsT (mm) 9.96 ± 1.98 10.67 ± 3.00 9.79 ± 1.67 0.018*
 LVPWT (mm) 9.58 ± 1.60 10.26 ± 2.44 9.42 ± 1.33 0.418
 LVEF (%) 63.0 ± 9.0 60.3 ± 9.3 63.5 ± 8.8 0.005*
 Pulmonary artery pressure (mmHg) 28.6 ± 8.5 30.9 ± 9.8 28.1 ± 8.2 0.011*
Transesophageal echocardiographic parameters
 LAD (mm) 47.6 ± 7.3 52.2 ± 6.2 46.7 ± 7.1 < 0.001*
 Lobes of Left atrial appendage 1.32 ± 0.58 1.67 ± 0.77 1.25 ± 0.50 <0.001*
 1 (n, %) 289 (61.2%) 47 (41.3%) 242 (78.3%) < 0.001*
 2 (n, %) 83 (17.6%) 25 (31.3%) 58 (18.8%)
 > = 3 (n, %) 17 (3.6%) 8 (10.0%) 9 (2.9%)
 LUPVFV (m/s) 0.63 ± 0.24 0.54 ± 0.17 0.67 ± 0.26 0.03*
 LAAFV (m/s) 0.35 ± 0.19 0.31 ± 0.13 0.37 ± 0.20 0.217
 PFO (n, %) 33 (7.0%) 7 (8.8%) 26 (6.6%) 0.532
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation, or number (%)
  2. LAT left atrial thrombus, LASEC left atrial appendage spontaneous echo contrast, AF atrial fibrillation, Hb hemoglobin, PLT platelets, ALT glutamate pyruvate transaminase, AST glutamicoxaloacetic transaminase, sCr serum creatinine, BUN blood urea nitrogen, LAD left atrial diameter, LVESD left ventricular end systolic diameter, LVEDD left ventricular end diastolic diameter, IVST Interventricular septal thickness, LVPWT left ventricular posterior wall thickness, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LAAFV left atrial appendage flow velocity, PFO Patent foramen ovale. *P < 0.05