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Table 5 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis result using WHO criteria at UGCSH, June 2017

From: Metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetic patients in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variable Mets COR 95%CI P value AOR 95%CI P-value
Yes No
Sex Male 34 (29.3%) 79 (56.4%) 1.00   
Female 82 (70.7%) 61 (43.6%) 0.3 (0.2–0.5) 0.00 0.4 (0.2,0.7) < 0.000*
Age < 30 10 (8.6%) 17 (12.1%) 1.00   
31–40 6 (5.2%) 9 (6.4%) 0.5 (0.2–1.2) 0.12
41–50 23 (19.8%) 33 (23.6%) 0.6 (0.2–1.7) 0.31   
51–64 41 (35.3%) 51 (36.4%) 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.13
> 65 36 (31.0%) 30 (21.4%) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 0.21   
Residency Urban 94 (81.0%) 113 (80.7%) 0.9 (0.5–1.8) 0.94   
Rural 22 (19.0%) 27 (19.3%) 1.00
Educational status Unable to read and write 43 (37.1%) 33 (23.6%) 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.00
Primary school 43 (37.1%) 44 (31.4%) 1.00 0.9 (0.5,1.9) 0.9
Secondary school and above 30 (25.9%) 63 (45.3%) 0.8 (0.4–1.4) 0.4 1.7 (0.8,3.3) 0.2
Marital status Single 7 (6.0%) 11 (7.9%) 0.06 (0.0–0.51) 0.01 17 (1.8166) 0.01*
Married 92 (79.3%) 127 (90.7%) 0.5 (0.02–10.3) 0.7 14 (1.8113) 0.01*
Divorced 6 (5.2%) 1 (0.7%) 1.00
Widowed 11 (9.5%) 1 (0.7%) 0.05 (0.00–0.6) 0.01 2.0 (0.1,38.8) 0.6
Occupation Government 31 (26.7%) 47 (33.6%) 1.00   
Unemployed 68 (58.6%) 63 (45.0%) 0.5 (0.3–1.04) 0.06
Self employed 17 (14.7%) 30 (21.4%) 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 0.08
Monthly income (ETB) <  600 birr 56 (48.3%) 60 (42.9%) 1.00   
601–1500 birr 29 (25.0%) 39 (27.9%) 1.2 (0.7,2.2) 0.5
> 1501 birr 31 (26.7%) 41 (29.3%) 0.9 (0.5,1.9) 0.9
Types of Oil used Palm oil 96 (82.8%) 114 (81.4%) 0.9 (0.5–1.7) 0.8   
Cereal oil 20 (17.2%) 26 (18.6%) 1.00
Work involving vigorous intensity of activity Yes 49 (42.2%) 1 (50.7%) 1.00   
No 67 (57.8%) 69 (49.3%) 0.7 (0.4–1.16) 0.2
Regular physical exercise Yes 36 (31.0%) 47 (33.6%) 1.00   
No 80 (69.0%) 93 (66.4%) 0.9 (0.5–1.5) 0.66
Family history of chronic disease Yes 48 (41.4%) 41 (29.3%) 0.6 (0.3–0.9) 0.04 1.5 (0.9,2.6) 0.1
No 68 (58.6%) 99 (70.7%) 1.00   
Duration since Diabetic mellitus diagnosed < 1 Year 11 (9.5%) 11 (7.9%) 1.00   
1-5 Years 63 (54.3%) 73 (52.1%) 0.9 (0.4–2.1) 0.74
> 6 Years 42 (36.2%) 56 (40.0%) 0.8 (0.3–1.9) 0.5
Duration since anti Diabetic started < 1 Year 12 (10.3%) 12 (8.6%) 1.00   
1-5 Years 63 (54.3%) 72 (51.4%) 0.8 (0.5–1.4) 0.5
> 6 Years 41 (35.3%) 56 (40.0%) 1.1 (0.5–2.7) 0.8
Total number of medications 1 45 (38.8%) 68 (48.6%) 1.00   
2 47 (40.5%) 45 (32.1%) 0.9 (0.3–3.7) 0.99
3 20 (17.2%) 21 (15.0%) 1.6 (0.4–5.9) 0.50
4 4 (3.4%) 6 (4.3%) 1.4 (0.4–5.8) 0.61
  1. *P < 0.05