Skip to main content

Table 1 General Characteristics of Participants with and without NAFLD

From: Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and subclinical atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional study on population over 40 years old

  Total (n = 4112) Without NAFLD (n = 2541) With NAFLD (n = 1571) P Value
Age, y 55.8 ± 12.1 55.6 ± 12.7 56.2 ± 11.2 0.1155
Female, n (%) 1883(45.79) 1221(64.37) 671(35.63) 0.0018
BMI, kg/m2 24.87 ± 3.27 23.71 ± 2.79 26.75 ± 3.11 < 0.0001
Current smoking, n (%) 1050(25.54) 626(59.62) 424(40.38) 0.0927
Regular exercising, n (%) 1442(35.07) 864(59.92) 578(40.08) 0.1752
SBP, mmHg 130.90 ± 20.20 128.4 ± 20.65 134.9 ± 18.76 < 0.0001
DBP, mmHg 82.18 ± 10.91 80.52 ± 10.74 84.86 ± 10.66 < 0.0001
WC, cm 85.71 ± 9.66 82.40 ± 8.85 91.05 ± 8.45 < 0.0001
TG, mmol/L 1.60 ± 1.28 1.32 ± 0.95 2.04 ± 1.59 < 0.0001
TC, mmol/L 5.03 ± 0.99 4.94 ± 0.96 5.18 ± 1.03 < 0.0001
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.62 ± 0.46 1.67 ± 0.48 1.53 ± 0.39 < 0.0001
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.62 ± 0.74 2.57 ± 0.72 2.69 ± 0.78 < 0.0001
Uric acid, mmol/L 284.68 ± 87.31 270.9 ± 81.94 307.0 ± 91.05 < 0.0001
ALT, IU/L 17.80 ± 12.76 15.93 ± 11.22 20.83 ± 14.41 < 0.0001
Carotid plaque, n (%) 1612(39.20) 967(59.99) 645(40.01) 0.0555
Homocysteine, μmol/L 15.54 ± 9.50 15.40 ± 9.53 15.77 ± 9.44 0.2237
FBG, mmol/L 5.56 ± 1.51 5.39 ± 1.36 5.83 ± 1.70 < 0.0001
hsCRP, mg/L 2.16 ± 4.33 1.93 ± 4.56 2.53 ± 3.92 < 0.0001
Ba-PWV, n (%)     0.0007
 <1800 cm/s 3130(76.12) 1979(63.23) 1151(36.77)  
  ≥ 1800 cm/s 982(23.88) 562(57.23) 420(42.77)  
CIMT, n (%)     < 0.0001
 CIMT<0.8 mm 1614(39.25) 1138(70.51) 476(29.49)  
 CIMT≥0.8 mm 2498(60.75) 1403(56.16) 1095(43.84)  
Metabolic syndrome, n (%) 1097(26.68) 358(32.63) 739(67.37) < 0.0001
Hypertension 1919(46.67) 993(51.75) 926(48.25) < 0.0001
Diabetes mellitus 489(11.89) 214(43.76) 275(56.24) < 0.0001
  1. Data are means ± SD or median (interquartile ranges) or number (percentage) of subjects. ALT, alanine aminotransferase; Ba-PWV, brachial ankle pulse wave velocity; BMI, body mass index; CIMT, carotid intimamedia thickness; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FBG, fasting blood glucose; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; hsCRP, hypersensitive C-reactive protein; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NAFLD, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TG, triglycerides; TC, total cholesterol; WC, waist circumference. The chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical variables and t-test was used for continuous variables. The P value <0.05 was regarded as statistically significant