Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics in patients with mild and severe CoA

From: Predictors of aortic dilation in patients with coarctation of the aorta: evaluation with dual-source computed tomography

  All (n = 53) Mild (n = 26) Severe (n = 27) P value
Age (y) 18.15 ± 18.48 13.84 ± 18.71 22.30 ± 17.60 0.096
Male gender, n (%) 34 (64.2%) 14 (53.8%) 20 (74.1%) 0.158
BSA (m2) 1.06 ± 1.56 0.85 ± 0.50 1.26 ± 0.55 0.007
Hypertension, n (%) 19 (35.8%) 6 (23.1%) 13 (48.1%) 0.086
Simple CoA, n (%) 18 (34.0%) 7 (26.9%) 11 (40.7%) 0.387
Associated cardiovascular complications
 BAV, n (%) 9 (17.0%) 5 (19.2%) 4 (14.8%) 0.728
 PDA, n (%) 16 (30.2%) 11 (42.3%) 5 (18.5%) 0.077
 VSD, n (%) 15 (28.3%) 9 (34.6%) 6 (22.2%) 0.372
 ASD, n (%) 3 (5.7%) 1 (3.8%) 2 (7.4%) 1.000
 AR, n (%) 7 (13.2%) 2 (7.7%) 5 (18.5%) 0.42
 AS, n (%) 5 (9.4%) 3 (11.5%) 2 (7.4%) 0.669
 Collateral circulation, n(%) 21 (39.6%) 6 (23.1%) 15 (55.5%) 0.024
Z score of aorta
 Ascending aorta 2.26 ± 0.51 2.10 ± 0.57 2.41 ± 0.39 0.025
 Pre-coarctation 1.85 ± 0.52 1.83 ± 0.45 1.87 ± 0.59 0.743
 Aortic arch 1.47 ± 0.40 1.49 ± 0.45 1.45 ± 0.34 0.659
 Post-coarctation 1.93 ± 0.52 1.68 ± 0.43 2.17 ± 0.48 < 0.001
Aortic dilation
 Ascending aorta 37 (69.8%) 14 (53.8%) 23 (85.2%) 0.018
 Pre-coarctation 20 (37.7%) 9 (34.6%) 11 (40.7%) 0.779
 Aortic arch 4 (7.5%) 3 (11.5%) 1 (3.7%) 0.351
 Post-coarctation 20 (37.7%) 4 (15.4%) 16 (59.3%) 0.002
  1. Values are showed as mean ± SD or count (percent)
  2. P value stands for the difference between mild group and severe group
  3. Abbreviations: BSA body surface area, CoA coarctation of aorta, BAV bicuspid aortic valve, PDA patent ductus arteriosus, VSD ventricular septal defect, AR aortic regurgitation, AS aortic valve stenosis