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Table 2 Mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) individual center-specific cost ($) per procedure by countrya

From: Predictors of high-cost hospitalization in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome in Asia: findings from EPICOR Asia

  Country/Region
China (n = 7704) Hong Kong (n = 125) India (n = 2283) Singapore (n = 65) South Korea (n = 247) Thailand (n = 235) Vietnam (n = 160) All (n = 10,819)
ECG 4.2 (3.9, 4.4) 43.7 (38.1, 49.3) 3.2 (2.8, 3.6) 35.0 (NA) 7.6 (5.5, 9.7) 8.8 (6.6, 11.0) 1.2 (0.7, 1.7) 5.9 (4.9, 6.8)
Cardiac markers 32.9 (30.2, 35.5) 51.5 (41.8, 61.1) 26.7 (23.0, 30.4) 84.0 (NA) 30.3 (22.6, 38.0) 15.5 (11.9, 19.0) 7.8 (0.9, 14.6) 35.8 (22.5, 49.1)
Echocardiography 53.9 (42.5, 65.3) 261.6 (226.9, 296.3) 25.2 (22.1, 28.3) 443.0 (NA) 184.9 (167.5, 202.3) 72.4 (65.7, 79.0) 9.3 (5.7, 12.9) 69.5 (59.3, 79.6)
Angiography 666.4 (613.1, 719.6) 1536.0 (816.9, 2255.1) 343.8 (203.6, 484.0) 4674.0 (NA) 667.0 (376.0, 958.0) 645.2 (539.3, 751.1) 284.2 (209.8, 358.6) 621.4 (549.6, 693.3)
PCI with 1 drug eluting stent 3072.8 (2820.6, 3325.1) 4359.2 (2615.1, 6103.3) 3696.7 (2251.7, 5141.8) 17,590.0 (NA) 1980.9 (1464.5, 2497.4) 4261.4 (3456.8, 5066.1) 3233.3 (2729.3, 2737.4) 3308.1 (2918.5, 3697.7)
PCI with 1 bare metal stent 2174.9 (1924.9, 2425.0) 1942.4 (617.2, 3715.6) 2192.2 (1858.5, 2525.9) 7995.0 (NA) 1752.4 (1291.4, 2213.4) 3247.6 (2609.0, 3886.1) 1900.0 (1542.6, 2257.4) 2251.1 (2067.0, 2435.3)
CABG 8864.1 (8173.1, 9555.1) 7561.0 (4368.2, 10,753.8) 3265.1 (2918.4, 3611.7) 29,520.0 (NA) 4458.6 (2879.3, 6038.0) 7240.7 (4485.7, 9995.7) 4160.0 (2980.1, 5339.9) 6906.7 (6284.3, 7529.0)
Stay in CCU per day 164.5 (119.7, 209.2) 1482.0 (1233.7, 1730.3) 90.7 (72.5, 108.8) 861.0 (NA) 123.2 (73.4, 173.0) 109.7 (59.3, 160.0) 35.3 (4.4, 72.3) 231.3 (102.1, 360.5)
  1. CABG Coronary artery bypass graft, CCU Critical care unit, ECG Electrocardiogram, NA Not available, PCI Percutaneous coronary intervention
  2. aExchange rate conversion based on (March 2013): 1 USD = 6.2943 CNY; 7.7681 HKD; 53.060 INR; 3.1690 SGD; 1158.1 KRW; 31.545 THB; 21,030 VND