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Table 1 Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics according to the occurrence of death during subsequent pregnancy after PPCM

From: Maternal and fetal prognosis of subsequent pregnancy in black African women with peripartum cardiomyopathy

n (%), median (interquartile range), mean ± SD Total population Alive patients (n = 15) Deceased patients (n = 14) p
Baseline data
 Age 26.7 ± 4.6 26 ± 5 28 ± 6 0.44
 Low socio-economic status 22 (75.8) 12 (80) 9 (64) 0.43
 Gravidity 2.3 ± 0.5 2.2 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.5 0.26
 Baseline LVEF after the first PPCM (%) 49.9 ± 5.2 50 ± 6 50 ± 7 0.99
 Baseline LVEF after the PPCM < 50% 16 (55.2) 7 (47) 9 (64) 0.46
 Baseline LVEF after the first PPCM < 45% 5 (17.2) 2 (13) 4 (29) 0.39
 Baseline LVEDD after the PPCM (mm) 53.3 ± 3.6 54 ± 4 53 ± 5 0.88
 Baseline sPAP after the PPCM (mmHg) 29.2 ± 4.2 28 ± 5 30 ± 5 0.26
 Baseline TAPSE after the PPCM (mm) 18.2 ± 2.4 19 ± 3 17 ± 3 0.10
Follow-up data (at the time of hospitalization)
 Delay between last follow-up and hospitalization (month) 17 ± 6 15 ± 6 18 ± 6 0.27
 Congestive heart failure 19 (65.5) 6 (40) 14(100) < 0.001
 LVEF (%) 37.6 ± 4.7 44 ± 6 33 ± 6 < 0.001
 LVEF < 40% 14 (48.3) 2 (13) 13 (93) 0.001
 Delta LVEF (%) −19.3 ± 9 - 11 ± 10 −32 ± 15 < 0.001
 LVEDD (mm) 57.5 ± 3.9 59 ± 4 56 ± 5 0.05
 Delta LVEDD (%) 8 ± 6 11 ± 11 5 ± 7 0.09
 sPAP (mmHg) 37.9 ± 5.4 34 ± 5 42 ± 5 < 0.001
 Delta sPAP (%) 19 ± 8 17 ± 10 27 ± 15 0.07
 TAPSE (mm) 16.8 ± 3.2 19 ± 3 14 ± 4 < 0.001
 TAPSE < 17 mm 11 (37.9) 1 (7) 10 (71) < 0.001
 TAPSE < 18 mm 13 (44.8) 2 (13) 11 (79) < 0.001
 Delta TAPSE (%) - 7.5 ± 5 3 ± 17 −15 ± 27 0.03
Pregnancy data
 Abortion 6 (20.6) 2 (13) 4 (29) 0.39
 Prematurity 8 (27.6) 4 (27) 4 (29) 1
 Full-term pregnancy 51.7 9 (60) 6 (43) 0.47
 Newborn weight (g) 2385 ± 286 2350 ± 500 2380 ± 300 0.90
  1. PPCM peripartum cardiomyopathy, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEDD left ventricular end diastolic diameter, sPAP systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, TAPSE tricuspid annular plan systolic excursion