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Table 1 Study design, baseline characteristics of the included studies

From: Meta-analysis and systematic review of intravascular ultrasound versus angiography-guided drug eluting stent implantation in left main coronary disease in 4592 patients

First author Year Design Sample size F/U (months) Age (years) Male Smoker DM Hyperlipidemia Hypertension Renal failure LVEF % Previous PCI Previous MI
Agostoni et al. [21] 2005 Observational
Unadjusted
24/34 14 62/64 15/25 4/7 9/10 15/23 14/20 52/44a 12/17a 9/17
Park et al. [22] 2009 Observational
Adjusted
145/145 36 64/65a 102/102 28/30 49/49 42/44 86/85 110/112 60/61 10/11
De La Torre Hernandez et al. [23] 2014 Observational
Adjusted
505/505 36 66/67 404/397 148/161 183/175 314/284 342/325 35/31 55/55 111/107 122/130
Gao et al. [24] 2014 Observational
Unadjusted
337/679 12 66/67 274/526 111/230 109/232 228/487 244/489 88/214 59/57a 60/119 60/123
Tan et al. [25] 2015 RCT 61/62 24 77/76 38/43 27/29 21/18 25/29 55/53 10/13
Kim et al. [26] 2017 Observational
Adjusted
122/74 36 62/65a 95/53 60/37 47/33 28/17 75/54 10/7b 55/49a 9/14a 4/5
Tian et al. [16] 2017 Observational
Adjusted
713/1186 36 60/60 576/920 256/316 173/314 387/597 400/654 63.2/62.9 165/270 163/293
  1. Data are presented as IVUS-guided/angiography-guided PCI with DES for left main lesions
  2. DM diabetes mellitus, F/U follow-up, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, MI myocardial infarction, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, RCT randomized controlled trial
  3. ap < 0.05
  4. bChronic kidney disease