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Table 2 Characteristics of Anthropometric Measurements and CVD Risk Factors

From: Association between anthropometric measures and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Hainan centenarians: investigation based on the Centenarian’s health study

Characteristics Total (n = 537) Male (n = 124) Female (n = 413) P-value
Anthropometric measures
 Height (m) 146.00 ± 9.37 155.29 ± 7.60 143.21 ± 7.94 < 0.001
 Weight (kg) 38.45 ± 8.72 45.79 ± 7.10 36.24 ± 7.92 < 0.001
 Waist (cm) 75.49 ± 9.17 76.60 ± 8.82 75.15 ± 9.26 0.202
 Hip (cm) 83.96 ± 7.05 85.93 ± 7.04 83.37 ± 6.96 < 0.001
Anthropometric indices
 BMI 17.99 ± 3.50 18.99 ± 2.66 17.69 ± 3.67 < 0.001
 WHR 0.90 ± 0.09 0.89 ± 0.07 0.90 ± 0.09 0.241
 WHtR 0.52 ± 0.07 0.49 ± 0.06 0.53 ± 0.07 < 0.001
CVD Risk Factors measurements
 SBP (mm Hg) 153.20 ± 23.99 148.93 ± 21.35 154.48 ± 24.61 0.024
 DBP (mm Hg) 74.71 ± 12.72 73.50 ± 11.78 75.07 ± 12.98 0.230
 TC (mg/dl) 135.05 ± 28.36 169.70 ± 38.27 185.89 ± 37.49 < 0.001
 TG (mg/dl) 103.73 ± 57.92 94.11 ± 41.12 106.63 ± 61.84 0.012
 HDL-C (mg/dl) 55.36 ± 14.72 50.88 ± 13.83 56.71 ± 14.73 < 0.001
 LDL-C (mg/dl) 109.82 ± 30.80 101.87 ± 29.62 112.21 ± 30.79 0.001
Prevalence of CVD Risk Factors, n (%)
 Hypertension 164.58 ± 17.48 160.44 ± 14.62 181.74 ± 12.71 0.006
 High TC 265.78 ± 22.17 263.56 ± 20.50 266.27 ± 22.80 0.774
 High TG 280.73 ± 147.83 220.03 ± 17.92 294.22 ± 160.87 0.035
 Low HDL-C 34.92 ± 4.20 34.46 ± 4.31 35.26 ± 4.14 0.432
 High LDL-C 179.71 ± 20.20 175.43 ± 13.98 180.52 ± 21.25 0.579
  1. P-value from two independent samples t-test for WHR, Diastolic Blood Pressure, Hypertension, High Total Cholesterol, High Triglycerides, Low HDL-C and High LDL-C. Mann-Whitney U test for all other continuous variables. These tests were done to compare between males and females
  2. Mean ± standard deviation presented continuous variables
  3. CVD RF Cardiovascular disease risk factors