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Table 2 Dietary intakes of participants according to DDS quartile

From: Dietary diversity score is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and serum adiponectin concentrations in patients with metabolic syndrome

Quartiles of DDS
  1st (n = 37) 2nd (n = 34) 3rd (n = 46) 4th (n = 43)
Total energy (kcal/d) 2222.89 ± 94.73 a 2826.19 ± 806.10 3086.56 ± 165.43 3668.98 ± 209.08
Carbohydrate (%) 62.97 ± 7.44 67.47 ± 5.55 61.50 ± 7.53 60.44 ± 5.71
Protein (%) 13.89 ± 2.54 12.32 ± 1.45 13.47 ± 2.36 15.28 ± 2.50b
Fat (%) 26.18 ± 5.44 24.91 ± 4.63 28.56 ± 6.53 27.83 ± 4.12
Dietary fiber (g/d) 45.58 ± 14.98c 82.74 ± 52.34 58.82 ± 19.11 60.78 ± 22.52
  1. a P < 0.001 compared with other quartiles; P = 0.033 compared with second quartile; c P < 0.001 compared with second quartile