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Table 3 Comparison of risk factors between hypertensive patients and healthy controls

From: Relationship of cardiovascular disease risk factors and noncoding RNAs with hypertension: a case-control study

Risk factors Hypertensive patients (n = 402) Controls (n = 402) χ 2 P
Smoking Yes 87 (21.6) 102 (25.4) 1.556 0.212
No 315 (78.4) 300 (74.6)   
Drinking Yes 55 (13.7) 55 (13.7) 0.000 1.000
No 347 (86.3) 347 (86.3)   
Bland diet Yes 246 (61.2) 304 (75.6) 19.360 <  0.001
No 156 (38.8) 98 (24.4)   
Occupational physical activities Light 187 (46.5) 143 (35.6) 10.451 0.005
Moderate 160 (39.8) 200 (49.8)   
Heavy 55 (13.7) 59 (14.7)   
Exercise < once/week 211 (52.5) 197 (49.0) 3.157 0.206
1–2 times/week 14 (3.5) 24 (6.0)   
≥ 3 times/week 177 (44.0) 181 (45.0)   
Personality type A type 139 (34.6) 88 (21.9) 17.436 0.001
B type 234 (58.2) 284 (70.6)   
C type 22 (5.5) 26 (6.5)   
D type 7 (1.7) 4 (1.0)   
Anxiety level Normal 227 (56.5) 290 (72.3) 23.534 <  0.001
Mild 140 (34.8) 95 (23.7)   
Moderate 31 (7.7) 15 (3.7)   
Severe 4 (1.0) 1 (0.2)   
Depression level Normal 241 (60.0) 251 (62.4) 1.670 0.684
Mild 119 (29.6) 104 (25.9)   
Moderate 40 (10.0) 44 (10.9)   
Severe 2 (0.5) 3 (0.7)   
Body mass index <  18.50 8 (2.0) 23 (5.7) 46.103 <  0.001
18.50–23.99 159 (39.6) 231 (57.5)   
24.00–27.99 177 (44.0) 127 (31.6)   
≥ 28.00 58 (14.4) 21 (5.2)   
Abdominal obesity Yes 336 (84.0) 260 (64.7) 39.221 <  0.001
No 64 (16.0) 142 (35.3)   
Family history of hypertension Yes 189 (47.0) 78 (19.5) 68.349 <  0.001
No 213 (53.0) 322 (80.5)   
  1. Data are presented as n (%)