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Table 5 Associations between the CVH score (per 1- unit increase) and number of the subclinical disease markers stratified by gender

From: Ideal cardiovascular health and the subclinical impairments of cardiovascular diseases: a cross-sectional study in central south China

  Overall Female Male
OR (95% CI) P Value OR (95% CI) P Value OR (95% CI) P Value
≥1 vs. 0
 Model 1 0.745 (0.704–0.788) <0.001 0.533 (0.471–0.602) <0.001 0.856 (0.797–0.902) <0.001
 Model 2 0.802 (0.749–0.858) <0.001 0.676 (0.591–0.774) <0.001 0.857 (0.791–0.928) <0.001
 Model 3 0.808 (0.755–0.865) <0.001 0.682 (0.596–0.781) <0.001 0.862 (0.796–0.933) <0.001
≥2 vs. 0 or 1
 Model 1 0.703 (0.644–0.767) <0.001 0.509 (0.423–0.613) <0.001 0.742 (0.657–0.838) <0.001
 Model 2 0.724 (0.654–0.802) <0.001 0.627 (0.513–0.766) <0.001 0.744 (0.658–0.840) <0.001
 Model 3 0.729 (0.658–0.807) <0.001 0.640 (0.523–0.782) 0.001 0.781 (0.700–0.872) <0.001
≥3 vs. 0, 1, or 2
 Model 1 0.594 (0.463–0.761) <0.001 0.465 (0.298–0.698) <0.001 0.573 (0.422–0.778) <0.001
 Model 2 0.595 (0.464–0.763) <0.001 0.568 (0.358–0.901) 0.016 0.579 (0.274–0.784) <0.001
 Model 3 0.603 (0.484–0.752) <0.001 0.583 (0.368–0.925) 0.022 0.623 (0.468–0.830) 0.001
  1. Values represent odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval [CI]) per 1-unit increase in cardiovascular health (CVH) score; ≥ 1 denotes the presence of at least 1
  2. component of increased carotid intima-media thickness, presence of carotid plaque, left ventricular hypertrophy (by ECG or echocardiography), left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or a reduced ankle-brachial index
  3. Model 1, unadjusted; model 2, adjusted for age and sex; model 3, adjusted for age, sex and level of education