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Table 4 Associations between the CVH score (per 1- unit increase) and each component of the subclinical disease markers stratified by gender

From: Ideal cardiovascular health and the subclinical impairments of cardiovascular diseases: a cross-sectional study in central south China

  Overall Female Male
β Coefficient (95% CI) P Value β Coefficient (95% CI) P Value β Coefficient (95% CI) P Value
Increased CIMT
 Model 1 −0.115 (−0.580 to −0.305) <0.001 −0.170 (−0.873 to −0.412) <0.001 −0.076 (−0.412 to −0.110) 0.001
 Model 2 −0.060 (−0.363 to −0.100) <0.001 −0.087 (−0.551 to −0.104) 0.004 −0.071 (−0.407 to −0.085) 0.003
 Model 3 −0.060 (−0.362 to −0.099) <0.001 −0.081 (−0.527 to −0.082) 0.007 −0.072 (−0.527 to −0.082) 0.002
Presence of carotid plaque
 Model 1 −0.127 (−0.494 to −0.279) <0.001 −0.261 (−0.902 to −0.566) <0.001 −0.061 (−0.291 to −0.048) 0.006
 Model 2 −0.071 (−0.324 to −0.108) <0.001 −0.114 (−0.504 to −0.139) 0.001 −0.055 (−0.284 to −0.021) 0.023
 Model 3 −0.069 (−0.315 to −0.100) <0.001 −0.114 (−0.503 to −0.140) 0.001 −0.053 (−0.278 to −0.015) 0.029
LV hypertrophy by ECG/echocardiography
 Model 1 −0.118 (−0.648 to −0.348) <0.001 −0.193 (−1.116 to −0.582) <0.001 −0.062 (−0.391 to −0.067) 0.006
 Model 2 −0.073 (−0.448 to −0.171) <0.001 −0.141 (−0.872 to −0.366) <0.001 −0.058 (−0.377 to −0.049) 0.011
 Model 3 −0.066 (−0.419 to −0.141) <0.001 −0.130 (−0.825 to −0.318) <0.001 −0.053 (−0.363 to −0.033) 0.018
LV systolic dysfunction by echocardiography
 Model 1 −0.083 (−1.113 to −0.445) <0.001 −0.105 (−1.945 to −0.506) 0.001 −0.059 (−0.802 to −0.119) 0.008
 Model 2 −0.056 (−0.826 to −0.217) 0.001 −0.060 (−1.381 to −0.027) 0.042 −0.058 (−0.791 to −0.108) 0.010
 Model 3 −0.053 (−0.803 to −0.195) 0.001 −0.059 (−1.358 to −0.012) 0.046 −0.056 (−0.778 to −0.096) 0.012
Peripheral arterial disease by ABI ≤ 0.9
 Model 1 −0.053 (−1.109 to −0.215) 0.004 −0.108 (−1.512 to −0.413) 0.001 −0.060 (−1.440 to −0.221) 0.008
 Model 2 −0.065 (−1.218 to −0.406) <0.001 −0.087 (−1.291 to −0.265) 0.003 −0.058 (−1.415 to −0.195) 0.010
 Model 3 −0.062 (−1.182 to −0.317) <0.001 −0.081 (−1.236 to −0.214) 0.005 −0.057 (−1.401 to −0.181) 0.011
  1. Values are standard regression coefficient betas (95% CI) and p values. Each beta coefficient represents the change in log-biomarker per 1-unit increase in the CVH score. Model 1, unadjusted; model 2, adjusted for age and sex; model 3, adjusted for age, sex and level of education