Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: The unique value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome and culprit-free coronary angiograms

  All population (n = 130) AMI (n = 25) Myocarditis (n = 52) Perimyocarditis (n = 24) Takotsubo CMP (n = 21) Unclear dg (n = 8) p among groups
Clinical characteristics
 Age (years) 48.7 ± 18,0 55.9 ± 14.9 41.6 ± 15.8 38.0 ± 17.3 66.2 ± 11.5 58.2 ± 8.9 <0.001*
 Female (n) 57 (41.9%) 16 (64.0%) 14 (26.9%) 5 (20.8%) 18 (85.7%) 2 (25.0%) <0.001*
 BMI (kg/m2) 27.0 ± 5.1 27.8 ± 6.8 27.6 ± 5.0 24.6 ± 3.6 26.7 ± 4.1 28.1 ± 3.9 0.062
 Hypertension (n) 43 (33.1%) 12 (48.0%) 8 (15.4%) 5 (20.8%) 15 (71.4%) 3 (37.5%) <0.001*
 DM (n) 11 (8.5%) 3 (12.0%) 3 (5.8%) 1 (4.2%) 3 (14.3%) 1 (12.5%) 0.640
 Dyslipidemia (n) 22 (16.9%) 8 (32,0%) 5 (9.6%) 3 (12.5%) 4 (19%) 2 (25.0%) 0.170
 Smoking (n) 37 (28.5%) 10 (40.0%) 13 (25.0%) 9 (37.5%) 4 (19.0%) 1 (12.5%) 0.296
Laboratory
 CK (μkat/l) 15.1 ± 59.0 8.3 ± 6.7 24.1 ± 92.9 13.7 ± 13.1 3.5 ± 2.1 13.9 ± 16.0 0.007
 CK-MB (μkat/l) 0.94 ± 0.89 0.93 ± 0.78 0.95 ± 0.85 1.00 ± 1.07 0.63 ± 0.45 1.43 ± 1.46 0.847
 Troponin T (μg/l) 0.95 ± 1.07 1.44 ± 1.49 0.77 ± 1.61 1.37 ± 1.42 0.60 ± 0.73 0.34 ± 0.50 0.001*
 NT-pro-BNP (ng/l) 1891 ± 4762 1880 ± 3158 1663 ± 6227 895 ± 1095 3999 ± 5107 212 ± 169 0.190
 CRP (mg/l) 42.9 ± 50.0 21.0 ± 28.9 46.2 ± 55.6 82.2 ± 76.2 15.3 ± 30.4 21.9 ± 52.1 <0.001*
Echocardiography
 LV EF (%) 53.4 ± 11.2 53.7 ± 10.2 56.1 ± 10.4 53.6 ± 10.3 42.2 ± 10.3 61.3 ± 7.9 <0.001*
 WM abnormalities (n) 62 (49.2%) 18 (72.0%) 16 (31.4%) 11 (45.8%) 16 (88.9%) 1 (12.5%) <0.001*
Coronary angiography
 Coronary AS (n) 43 (35.8%) 11 (44.0%) 12 (25.5%) 3 (15.8%) 12 (57.1%) 5 (62.5%) 0.011*
 LV EF (RLVG) (%) 51.3 ± 13.7 56.0 ± 11.0 55.9 ± 13.0 51.6 ± 11.9 37.6 ± 9.4 60.0 ± 9.4 <0.001*
  1. Values are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation or the number of subjects with the percentage in parentheses
  2. AMI acute myocardial infarction, CMP cardiomyopathy, dg diagnosis, BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, smoking current or prior smoking, CK creatine kinase, CK-MB creatine kinase-MB isoensyme, T Troponin; NT-pro-BNP N-terminal fragment of pro-brain natriuretic peptide, CRP C-reactive protein, LV left ventricle, EF ejection fraction, WM wall motion, AS atherosclerosis, RLVG retrograde left ventriculography
  3. * p < 0.05 between groups