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Table 2 All-cause mortality (six study populations; 11 articles)

From: Mortality and morbidity trends after the first year in survivors of acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review

Reference Assessment Mortality/survival
Viana-Tejedor et al. 2015 [23] Mortality in years 1–5 in patients alive 1 year after MIa • Mortality 1988–1993: 26.9% (42/156); 1994–1998: 32.5% (66/203); 1999–2003: 23.7% (57/241); 2004–2008: 15.4% (48/311)
• 1-year and 5-year mortality decreased significantly over the 20-year period of study (p < 0.001)
Jernberg et al. 2011 [13] Risk of death up to 12 years after event • Time trends show risk of death 1996–1997 > 1998–1999 > 2000–2001 > 2002–2003 > 2004–2005 > 2006–2007b
Nielsen et al. 2014 [18] Survival probability for 4 years after event • For men, time trends show survival probability 1987–1991 < 1992–1996 < 1997–2001 < 2002–2006b
• For women, time trends show survival probability 1987–1991 < 1992–1996 < 1997–2001, but levels for 2002–2006 were similar to those for 1997–2001b
Isaksson et al. 2011 [12] Survival up to 24 years after event • Time trends show survival 1985–1988 < 1989–1994 < 1995–2000 < 2001–2006b
• Survival in women was generally higher than that for men before 2000, but similar for men and women after 2000
Nauta et al. 2011 [15] Survival for 3 years after event in patients with NSTEMI • Time trends show survival 1985–1990 < 1990–2000 < 2000–2008b
Snelder et al. 2013 [22] Mortality for up to 10 years after event in patients with STEMI • Time trends show mortality 1985–1990 > 1990–2000 > 2000–2008b
Nauta et al. 2013 [17] Mortality for up to 20 years after event according to renal function • Time trends for mortality stage 4–5 chronic kidney disease > stage 3 > stage 2 > normal kidney functionb
Nauta et al. 2012 [14] Mortality for up to 20 years after event according to diabetes status • Mortality was higher in patients with diabetes than in those without
• There was an increase in the risk of presenting with diabetes during the study period
• Time trends show mortality 1985–1989 > 1990–1999 > 2000–2008 in patients with diabetes, and 1985–1989 ≈ 1990–1999 > 2000–2008 in patients without diabetesb
Deckers et al. 2013 [11] Mortality for up to 20 years after event according to glucose levels • Mortality was highest in patients with severe hyperglycemia, followed by those with mild hyperglycemia, and was lowest in those with normal glucose levelsb
Nauta et al. 2012 [16] Mortality for up to 20 years after event according to sex • From 1985 to 2008, age at presentation increased and patients were more likely to have diabetes or anemia at presentation
• Adjusted 20-year mortality was significantly lower in women than in men
Rapsomaniki et al. 2014 [20] Cumulative all-cause mortality up to 5.5 years after eventc • Mortality in stable patients after NSTEMI > after STEMIb
  1. MI myocardial infarction, NSTEMI non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction
  2. aCalculated from data reported in the study
  3. bAll shown on curve; actual values not reported for time starting 1 year after the event
  4. cFollow-up started 6 months after the event