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Table 5 Baseline characteristics and biochemical data of the study participants with and without stent implantation

From: The burden of major adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease

Variable With stent implantation Without stent implantation P-value
No 458 1062  
Age (years) 67.2 ± 11.1 69.5 ± 12.3 0.001
Gender (male) 352(76.9) 751(70.7) 0.004
Education (illiterate) 62(13.5) 194(18.3) 0.053
Marital status (widow or widower) 41(9.0) 145(13.7) 0.028
Malnourished 11(2.4) 49(4.6) 0.406
Economic situation (dependent) 215(46.9) 552(52.0) 0.128
Smoking 235(51.3) 490(46.1) 0.077
Triple vessel disease 174(38.0) 254(23.9) <0.0001
Anemia 103(22.5) 249(23.5) 0.661
Diabetes mellitus 188(41.1) 396(37.3) 0.168
Hypertension 341(74.5) 750(70.6) 0.137
Hyperlipidemia 335(73.1) 613(57.7) <0.0001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.7 ± 18.5 25.3 ± 4.4 0.017
Systolic BP (mmHg) 133 ± 21 132 ± 22 0.864
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 77 ± 13 76 ± 14 0.242
HbA1C (%) 7.1 ± 1.7 6.9 ± 1.8 0.048
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 146.0 ± 75.5 144.3 ± 77.6 0.700
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 180.7 ± 46.6 175.4 ± 44.7 0.039
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 148.6 ± 108.1 141.3 ± 103.0 0.220
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 39.4 ± 12.7 40.5 ± 11.8 0.110
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 106.7 ± 37.8 102.1 ± 34.0 0.023
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.9 ± 2.4 1.7 ± 1.5 0.090
Uric acid (mg/dl) 6.9 ± 3.7 6.8 ± 2.2 0.622
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 57.8 ± 22.7 57.3 ± 23.2 0.686
Hs-CRP (mg/L) 13.6 ± 35.5 9.0 ± 24.2 0.044
White blood cell (109/l) 8.652 ± 4.151 8.010 ± 3.128 0.004
Red blood cell (10 6/μl) 4.54 ± 0.85 4.54 ± 1.33 0.952
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 13.3 ± 2.1 13.2 ± 2.3 0.482
Hematocrit (%) 39.7 ± 5.6 39.5 ± 6.2 0.720
  1. Data are means ± SD or number (%). HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated by the chronic kidney disease-EPI two-level race equation [12]