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Table 3 Cox proportional hazard model of baseline clinical risk factors for the development of major adverse cardiovascular events stratified by acute coronary syndrome and elective PCI subjects

From: The burden of major adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease

  Acute coronary syndrome Elective PCI
Baseline data Univariate analysis HR (95% CI) P value Multivariate model HR (95% CI) P value Univariate
analysis HR
(95% CI)
P value Multivariate model HR (95% CI) P value
Age 1.02 (1.02–1.03) <0.0001    1.03 (1.01–1.04) <0.0001   
Gender 1.10 (0.85–1.45) 0.486    1.15 (0.88–1.54) 0.317   
Education (illiterate) 1.63 (1.19–2.18) 0.002    1.25 (0.85–1.79) 0.257   
Marital status (widow or widower) 1.44 (1.02–1.98) 0.040    0.90 (0.55–1.40) 0.662   
Malnourished 2.87 (0.86–7.21) 0.082    4.00 (1.20–9.91) 0.027   
Economic situation (dependent) 1.52 (1.18–1.97) 0.001    1.81 (1.34–2.45) 0.0001   
Smoking 1.11 (0.89–1.39) 0.369    0.98 (0.76–1.26) 0.857   
Drinking 0.90 (0.68–1.17) 0.414    0.97 (0.71–1.31) 0.849   
Regular exercise 0.85 (0.65–1.11) 0.236    0.79 (0.57–1.07) 0.127   
Antihypertensive medication 0.98 (0.78–1.24) 0.885    0.95 (0.73–1.22) 0.661   
Statins 0.87 (0.69–1.09) 0.222    0.98 (0.74–1.29) 0.909   
Hypoglycemic medication 1.17 (0.89–1.53) 0.262    1.43 (1.01–1.98) 0.042   
Triple vessel disease 1.67 (1.33–2.10) <0.0001 3.66 (1.38–9.97) 0.009 2.27 (1.75–2.93) <0.0001 3.12 (1.43–6.82) 0.005
Stent implantation 1.50 (1.18–1.90) 0.001 3.61 (1.47–9.05) 0.005 1.47 (1.12–1.91) 0.005 4.10 (2.09–8.13) 0.0001
Anemia 1.42 (1.10–1.81) 0.007    1.47 (1.09–1.95) 0.011   
Diabetes mellitus 1.78 (1.42–2.23) <0.0001    1.35 (1.04–1.74) 0.024   
Hypertension 1.27 (0.97–1.67) 0.079 1.73 (1.06–2.21) 0.020 1.50 (1.11–2.07) 0.008 1.07 (1.02–2.37) 0.014
Hyperlipidemia 0.99 (0.78-1.28) 0.960    1.03 (0.79-1.34) 0.839   
  1. HR Hazard ratio, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention