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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and clinical data of the study participants with and without major adverse cardiovascular events

From: The burden of major adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease

Variable Total
n (%)
With MACE
n (%)
Without MACE
n (%)
P value
No 1520 558 (36.7) 962 (63.3)  
Gender
 Women 413 (27.2) 140 (25.1) 273 (28.4) 0.165
 Men 1107 (72.8) 418 (74.9) 689 (71.6) 0.165
Education
 Illiterate 256 (16.8) 120 (21.5) 136 (14.1) 0.002
 Elementary school 586 (38.6) 228 (40.9) 358 (37.2) 0.240
 Junior high school 225 (14.8) 77 (13.8) 148 (15.4) 0.497
 High school 336 (22.1) 96 (17.2) 240 (24.9) 0.003
 College 119 (7.8) 38 (6.8) 81 (8.4) 0.315
Marital status
 Single 54 (3.6) 18 (3.2) 36 (3.7) 0.695
 Married 1222 (80.4) 442 (79.2) 780 (81.1) 0.405
 Divorced 54 (3.6) 18 (3.2) 36 (3.7) 0.695
 Widow or widower 187 (12.3) 80 (14.3) 107 (11.1) 0.121
Mini nutritional assessment
Normal nutritional status 1082 (71.2) 326 (58.4) 756 (78.6) 0.001
At risk of malnutrition 376 (24.7) 184 (33.0) 192 (20.0) 0.025
Malnourished 61 (4.0) 48 (8.6) 13 (1.4) 0.009
Economic situation, dependent 766 (50.4) 336 (60.2) 430 (44.7) <0.0001
Smoking 722 (47.5) 267 (47.9) 455 (47.3) 0.809
Drinking 463 (30.5) 164 (29.4) 299 (31.1) 0.503
Regular exercise 617 (40.6) 219 (39.3) 398 (41.4) 0.488
Antihypertensive medication 824 (54.2) 312 (55.9) 512 (53.2) 0.310
Statin 487 (32.0) 201 (36.0) 286 (29.7) 0.011
Hypoglycemic medication 223 (14.7) 108 (19.4) 115 (12.0) <0.0001
Triple vessel disease 435 (28.6) 228 (40.9) 207 (21.5) <0.0001
Stents placed 444 (29.2) 198 (35.5) 246 (25.6) <0.0001
Anemia 356 (23.4) 155 (27.8) 201 (20.9) 0.003
Diabetes mellitus 582 (38.3) 260 (46.6) 322 (33.5) <0.0001
Hypertension 1092 (71.8) 435 (78.0) 657 (68.3) <0.0001
Hyperlipidemia 949 (62.4) 364 (65.2) 585 (60.8) 0.088
Cause of admission
 Acute coronary syndrome 654 (43.0) 311 (55.7) 343 (35.7) <0.0001
 Elective PCI 866 (57.0) 247 (44.3) 619 (64.4) <0.0001
  1. MACE major adverse cardiovascular events; PCI percutaneous coronary intervention