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Table 6 Mean differences in mean arterial pressure for anthropometric measures (n = 7 366)

From: Age and sex-specific associations of anthropometric measures of adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension in India: a cross-sectional study

   Male   Female
mmHg per SD (95% CI) mmHg per SD (95% CI)
   Model 1 Model 2   Model 1 Model 2
Age Measurement (SD)    Measurement (SD)   
  Body Mass Indexa    Body Mass Indexa   
18–29  (3.6 kg/m2) 3.82 (3.39, 4.25) 1.88 (1.03, 2.72)  (4.0 kg/m2) 2.90 (2.47, 3.33) 2.31 (1.51, 3.11)
30–39  (4.2 kg/m2) 3.77 (3.08, 4.46) 1.15 (−0.25, 2.56)  (4.9 kg/m2) 4.99 (4.34, 5.65) 2.69 (1.34, 4.03)
40–49  (4.4 kg/m2) 4.55 (3.43, 5.67) 1.43 (−1.08, 3.93)  (5.3 kg/m2) 4.52 (3.58, 5.46) 0.51 (−1.20, 2.22)
50–59  (4.6 kg/m2) 3.79 (2.42, 5.15) 0.75 (−1.99, 3.49)  (5.6 kg/m2) 3.22 (1.94, 4.51) 0.90 (−1.53, 3.33)
  Waist Circumferenceb    Waist Circumferenceb   
18–29  (9.8 cm) 3.85 (3.42, 4.27) 2.24 (1.41, 3.08)  (9.2 cm) 2.61 (2.19, 3.04) 0.69 (−0.10, 1.48)
30–39  (11.8 cm) 3.96 (3.29, 4.64) 2.97 (1.57, 4.36)  (11.5 cm) 4.98 (4.33, 5.64) 2.63 (1.29, 3.97)
40–49  (12.4 cm) 4.77 (3.66, 5.89) 3.49 (0.99, 6.00)  (12.3 cm) 5.21 (4.29, 6.13) 4.78 (3.06, 6.50)
50–59  (13.4 cm) 4.16 (2.80, 5.52) 3.51 (0.76, 6.25)  (13.3 cm) 3.46 (2.20, 4.73) 2.70 (0.30, 5.11)
  Hip Circumferenceb    Hip Circumferenceb   
18–29  (7.3 cm) 3.76 (3.31, 4.20) 1.68 (0.92, 2.45)  (8.1 cm) 2.58 (2.14, 3.02) 0.54 (−0.23, 1.30)
30–39  (8.1 cm) 3.51 (2.81, 4.21) 1.07 (−0.20, 2.34)  (9.7 cm) 4.22 (3.55, 4.88) −0.35 (−1.66, 0.96)
40–49  (8.2 cm) 3.92 (2.76, 5.08) 0.04 (−2.09, 2.17)  (10.3 cm) 4.21 (3.26, 5.16) 0.96 (−0.99, 2.92)
50–59  (8.5 cm) 4.01 (2.65, 5.37) 2.77 (0.34, 5.19)  (11.3 cm) 2.87 (1.62, 4.12) 0.77 (−1.61, 3.14)
  Waist-Hip Ratiob    Waist-Hip Ratiob   
18–29  (0.066) 2.53 (2.09, 2.96) 0.62 (0.11, 1.13)  (0.065) 1.53 (1.09, 1.96) 0.25 (−0.23, 0.72)
30–39  (0.072) 3.27 (2.61, 3.94) 1.63 (0.78, 2.48)  (0.071) 3.75 (3.08, 4.41) 1.66 (0.92, 2.40)
40–49  (0.079) 3.99 (2.92, 5.07) 2.00 (0.58, 3.42)  (0.078) 4.07 (3.14, 5.00) 2.63 (1.63, 3.63)
50–59  (0.084) 3.02 (1.72, 4.33) 1.24 (−0.43, 2.92)  (0.083) 2.37 (1.12, 3.62) 1.28 (−0.09, 2.64)
  Waist-Height Ratiob    Waist-Height Ratiob   
18–29  (0.058) 3.55 (3.12, 3.97) 1.18 (0.30, 2.05)  (0.060) 2.65 (2.23, 3.07) 0.84 (0.01, 1.67)
30–39  (0.067) 3.83 (3.17, 4.50) 2.81 (1.33, 4.28)  (0.075) 4.85 (4.21, 5.49) 2.50 (1.13, 3.86)
40–49  (0.071) 4.55 (3.46, 5.64) 3.00 (0.42, 5.58)  (0.079) 4.94 (4.05, 5.83) 4.33 (2.64, 6.02)
50–59  (0.078) 4.25 (2.92, 5.59) 4.40 (1.49, 7.31)  (0.087) 3.44 (2.20, 4.68) 2.97 (0.44, 5.49)
  1. Estimates exclude those on antihypertensive medication. Model 1, estimates from multiple linear regression, adjusted for education and location. Model 2, model 1 plus additional adjustments for aWaist circumference or bBody mass index. SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval