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Table 5 Mean differences in pulse pressure for anthropometric measures (n = 7 366)

From: Age and sex-specific associations of anthropometric measures of adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension in India: a cross-sectional study

   Male   Female
mmHg per SD (95% CI) mmHg per SD (95% CI)
   Model 1 Model 2   Model 1 Model 2
Age Measurement (SD)    Measurement (SD)   
  Body Mass Indexa    Body Mass Indexa   
18–29  (3.6 kg/m2) 0.37 (−0.07, 0.81) 0.85 (−0.02, 1.72)  (4.0 kg/m2) 0.63 (0.25, 1.00) 0.22 (−0.48, 0.92)
30–39  (4.2 kg/m2) 1.01 (0.45, 1.56) 1.90 (0.76, 3.04)  (4.9 kg/m2) 0.61 (0.08, 1.14) −0.13 (−1.23, 0.97)
40–49  (4.4 kg/m2) 1.25 (0.31, 2.19) 1.02 (−1.09, 3.12)  (5.3 kg/m2) 0.77 (−0.13, 1.66) −0.84 (−2.51, 0.83)
50–59  (4.6 kg/m2) 0.87 (−0.48, 2.23) −0.42 (−3.16, 2.32)  (5.6 kg/m2) 0.81 (−0.69, 2.31) −0.29 (−3.15, 2.56)
  Waist Circumferenceb    Waist Circumferenceb   
18–29  (9.8 cm) 0.17 (−0.27, 0.61) −0.56 (−1.42, 0.31)  (9.2 cm) 0.66 (0.29, 1.03) 0.48 (−0.22, 1.17)
30–39  (11.8 cm) 0.63 (0.08, 1.19) −1.01 (−2.14, 0.12)  (11.5 cm) 0.73 (0.20, 1.26) 0.84 (−0.25, 1.94)
40–49  (12.4 cm) 1.17 (0.23, 2.11) 0.26 (−1.85, 2.37)  (12.3 cm) 1.20 (0.30, 2.10) 1.92 (0.24, 3.60)
50–59  (13.4 cm) 1.13 (−0.23, 2.48) 1.49 (−1.25, 4.24)  (13.3 cm) 1.04 (−0.45, 2.52) 1.28 (−1.54, 4.11)
  Hip Circumferenceb    Hip Circumferenceb   
18–29  (7.3 cm) 0.40 (−0.05, 0.86) 0.28 (−0.50, 1.07)  (8.1 cm) 0.46 (0.08, 0.84) −0.19 (−0.86, 0.47)
30–39  (8.1 cm) 0.88 (0.32, 1.44) 0.10 (−0.93, 1.12)  (9.7 cm) 0.44 (−0.08, 0.97) −0.33 (−1.40, 0.73)
40–49  (8.2 cm) 1.20 (0.24, 2.15) 0.43 (−1.35, 2.20)  (10.3 cm) 0.71 (−0.19, 1.62) 0.16 (−1.71, 2.03)
50–59  (8.5 cm) 0.92 (−0.43, 2.28) 0.64 (−1.78, 3.06)  (11.3 cm) 0.21 (−1.24, 1.67) −1.67 (−4.45, 1.11)
  Waist-Hip Ratiob    Waist-Hip Ratiob   
18–29  (0.066) −0.05 (−0.48, 0.37) −0.38 (−0.90, 0.14)  (0.065) 0.57 (0.21, 0.94) 0.37 (−0.04, 0.78)
30–39  (0.072) 0.19 (−0.35, 0.72) −0.74 (−1.43, −0.05)  (0.071) 0.74 (0.22, 1.25) 0.59 (−0.02, 1.19)
40–49  (0.079) 0.75 (−0.15, 1.64) −0.08 (−1.27, 1.12)  (0.078) 1.31 (0.44, 2.19) 1.22 (0.24, 2.19)
50–59  (0.084) 1.02 (−0.27, 2.30) 0.83 (−0.84, 2.49)  (0.083) 1.50 (0.06, 2.94) 1.43 (−0.16, 3.03)
  Waist-Height Ratiob    Waist-Height Ratiob   
18–29  (0.058) −0.04 (−0.47, 0.39) −1.53 (−2.43, −0.64)  (0.060) 0.62 (0.25, 0.98) 0.36 (−0.36, 1.08)
30–39  (0.067) 0.62 (0.08, 1.16) −1.25 (−2.45, −0.06)  (0.075) 0.69 (0.18, 1.21) 0.77 (−0.34, 1.89)
40–49  (0.071) 1.09 (0.18, 2.00) −0.07 (−2.24, 2.10)  (0.079) 1.23 (0.36, 2.10) 2.13 (0.49, 3.77)
50–59  (0.078) 1.41 (0.07, 2.74) 3.06 (0.15, 5.97)  (0.087) 1.41 (−0.04, 2.87) 3.01 (0.05, 5.97)
  1. Estimates exclude those on antihypertensive medication. Model 1, estimates from multiple linear regression, adjusted for education and location. Model 2, model 1 plus additional adjustments for aWaist circumference or bBody mass index. SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval