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Table 4 Mean differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure for anthropometric measures among women (n = 3 702)

From: Age and sex-specific associations of anthropometric measures of adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension in India: a cross-sectional study

   mmHg per SD (95% CI)
Systolic blood pressure Diastolic blood pressure
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Measurement (SD) Age     
Body Mass Indexa
 (4.0 kg/m2) 18–29 3.32 (2.78, 3.86) 2.46 (1.44, 3.47) 2.69 (2.27, 3.12) 2.24 (1.45, 3.03)
 (4.9 kg/m2) 30–39 5.40 (4.55, 6.25) 2.60 (0.85, 4.36) 4.79 (4.18, 5.40) 2.73 (1.48, 3.98)
 (5.3 kg/m2) 40–49 5.03 (3.65, 6.42) −0.05 (−2.60, 2.49) 4.26 (3.48, 5.05) 0.79 (−0.65, 2.23)
 (5.6 kg/m2) 50–59 3.76 (1.70, 5.83) 0.70 (−3.21, 4.62) 2.95 (1.91, 4.00) 1.00 (−0.98, 2.98)
Waist Circumferenceb
 (9.2 cm) 18–29 3.05 (2.52, 3.59) 1.01 (0.01, 2.00) 2.40 (1.97, 2.82) 0.53 (−0.25, 1.31)
 (11.5 cm) 30–39 5.47 (4.62, 6.32) 3.19 (1.44, 4.95) 4.74 (4.13, 5.35) 2.35 (1.10, 3.60)
 (12.3 cm) 40–49 6.01 (4.64, 7.39) 6.06 (3.50, 8.62) 4.81 (4.04, 5.59) 4.14 (2.69, 5.59)
 (13.3 cm) 50–59 4.15 (2.12, 6.19) 3.56 (−0.31, 7.43) 3.12 (2.08, 4.15) 2.28 (0.32, 4.24)
Hip Circumferenceb
 (8.1 cm) 18–29 2.89 (2.33, 3.44) 0.41 (−0.55, 1.37) 2.43 (2.00, 2.86) 0.60 (−0.15, 1.35)
 (9.7 cm) 30–39 4.51 (3.65, 5.38) −0.58 (−2.28, 1.13) 4.07 (3.45, 4.69) −0.24 (−1.46, 0.98)
 (10.3 cm) 40–49 4.69 (3.28, 6.09) 1.07 (−1.83, 3.96) 3.97 (3.17, 4.77) 0.91 (−0.74, 2.55)
 (11.3 cm) 50–59 3.01 (1.00, 5.01) −0.35 (−4.17, 3.47) 2.80 (1.78, 3.81) 1.32 (−0.61, 3.26)
Waist-Hip Ratiob
 (0.065) 18–29 1.91 (1.37, 2.45) 0.49 (−0.10, 1.09) 1.33 (0.91, 1.76) 0.12 (−0.34, 0.59)
 (0.071) 30–39 4.24 (3.39, 5.09) 2.05 (1.09, 3.02) 3.50 (2.88, 4.13) 1.47 (0.78, 2.15)
 (0.078) 40–49 4.95 (3.59, 6.31) 3.44 (1.95, 4.93) 3.64 (2.85, 4.43) 2.22 (1.38, 3.07)
 (0.083) 50–59 3.37 (1.38, 5.36) 2.23 (0.04, 4.42) 1.87 (0.84, 2.90) 0.80 (−0.32, 1.91)
Waist-Height Ratiob
 (0.060) 18–29 3.06 (2.53, 3.59) 1.08 (0.04, 2.12) 2.45 (2.03, 2.86) 0.72 (−0.09, 1.53)
 (0.075) 30–39 5.31 (4.48, 6.14) 3.01 (1.23, 4.80) 4.62 (4.02, 5.21) 2.24 (0.97, 3.51)
 (0.079) 40–49 5.76 (4.44, 7.09) 5.75 (3.24, 8.26) 4.53 (3.78, 5.28) 3.62 (2.20, 5.04)
 (0.087) 50–59 4.39 (2.39, 6.38) 4.97 (0.92, 9.03) 2.97 (1.96, 3.99) 1.96 (−0.10, 4.03)
  1. Estimates exclude those on antihypertensive medication. Model 1, estimates from multiple linear regression, adjusted for education and location. Model 2, model 1 plus additional adjustments for aWaist circumference or bBody mass index. SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval