Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure for anthropometric measures among men (n = 3 664)

From: Age and sex-specific associations of anthropometric measures of adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension in India: a cross-sectional study

   mmHg per SD (95% CI)
Systolic blood pressure Diastolic blood pressure
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Measurement (SD) Age     
Body Mass Indexa
 (3.6 kg/m2) 18–29 4.07 (3.51, 4.62) 2.44 (1.36, 3.53) 3.70 (3.26, 4.14) 1.59 (0.74, 2.45)
 (4.2 kg/m2) 30–39 4.44 (3.58, 5.31) 2.42 (0.64, 4.20) 3.44 (2.77, 4.10) 0.52 (−0.83, 1.86)
 (4.4 kg/m2) 40–49 5.39 (3.83, 6.94) 2.11 (−1.39, 5.60) 4.14 (3.15, 5.12) 1.09 (−1.10, 3.28)
 (4.6 kg/m2) 50–59 4.37 (2.34, 6.40) 0.47 (−3.60, 4.55) 3.50 (2.33, 4.66) 0.89 (−1.44, 3.23)
Waist Circumferenceb
 (9.8 cm) 18–29 3.96 (3.41, 4.51) 1.87 (0.80, 2.95) 3.79 (3.36, 4.22) 2.43 (1.58, 3.28)
 (11.8 cm) 30–39 4.39 (3.53, 5.25) 2.29 (0.53, 4.06) 3.75 (3.10, 4.40) 3.30 (1.97, 4.63)
 (12.4 cm) 40–49 5.55 (4.00, 7.11) 3.67 (0.17, 7.16) 4.38 (3.40, 5.36) 3.41 (1.21, 5.60)
 (13.4 cm) 50–59 4.91 (2.89, 6.93) 4.50 (0.41, 8.59) 3.79 (2.63, 4.95) 3.01 (0.66, 5.35)
Hip Circumferenceb
 (7.3 cm) 18–29 4.03 (3.46, 4.60) 1.87 (0.89, 2.85) 3.62 (3.17, 4.08) 1.59 (0.81, 2.36)
 (8.1 cm) 30–39 4.10 (3.21, 4.98) 1.14 (−0.47, 2.74) 3.21 (2.54, 3.89) 1.04 (−0.18, 2.26)
 (8.2 cm) 40–49 4.72 (3.12, 6.33) 0.32 (−2.63, 3.28) 3.52 (2.50, 4.54) −0.10 (−1.96, 1.76)
 (8.5 cm) 50–59 4.62 (2.60, 6.64) 3.19 (−0.41, 6.80) 3.70 (2.54, 4.86) 2.56 (0.49, 4.62)
Waist-Hip Ratiob
 (0.066) 18–29 2.49 (1.94, 3.04) 0.37 (−0.28, 1.02) 2.54 (2.10, 2.98) 0.75 (0.23, 1.26)
 (0.072) 30–39 3.40 (2.55, 4.24) 1.14 (0.05, 2.22) 3.21 (2.58, 3.84) 1.88 (1.06, 2.69)
 (0.079) 40–49 4.49 (3.00, 5.98) 1.95 (−0.03, 3.93) 3.74 (2.80, 4.68) 2.03 (0.79, 3.27)
 (0.084) 50–59 3.70 (1.77, 5.63) 1.80 (−0.68, 4.28) 2.68 (1.56, 3.80) 0.97 (−0.46, 2.40)
Waist-Height Ratiob
 (0.058) 18–29 3.52 (2.97, 4.07) 0.16 (−0.97, 1.28) 3.56 (3.13, 3.99) 1.69 (0.80, 2.57)
 (0.067) 30–39 4.25 (3.40, 5.09) 1.97 (0.10, 3.84) 3.63 (2.99, 4.26) 3.22 (1.81, 4.64)
 (0.071) 40–49 5.28 (3.76, 6.80) 2.95 (−0.64, 6.55) 4.19 (3.24, 5.14) 3.02 (0.76, 5.28)
 (0.078) 50–59 5.19 (3.21, 7.17) 6.44 (2.12, 10.76) 3.78 (2.64, 4.92) 3.38 (0.90, 5.87)
  1. Estimates exclude those on antihypertensive medication. Model 1, estimates from multiple linear regression, adjusted for education and location. Model 2, model 1 plus additional adjustments for aWaist circumference or bBody mass index. SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval