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Table 3 Changes in treatment patterns after knowledge of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis results

From: Impact of carotid atherosclerosis detection on physician and patient behavior in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a prospective, observational, multicenter study

  Carotid Artery Ultrasound Findings  
Negative, N (%)
N = 455
Positive, N (%)
N = 342
P-value
Treatment pattern
 Changed 96 (24.7) 107 (33.4) 0.011
Additional medications
 Anti-hypertensive drugs 32 (8.3) 45 (18.1) 0.013
 Lipid-lowering drugs 52 (13.4) 44 (13.8) 0.893
 Antiplatelet agents 26 (6.7) 43 (13.4) 0.003
Achievement of treatment target goals
BP (<130/80 mmHg)
 At baseline 210 (49.1) (N = 428) 142 (46.3) (N = 307) 0.452
 After 6 months 199 (46.5) (N = 428) 139 (45.3) (N = 307) 0.744
 Baseline vs. 6 months P = 0.389 P = 0.785  
LDL-C (<2.59 mmol/L)
 At baseline 112 (57.7) (N = 194) 80 (55.6) (N = 144) 0.690
 After 6 months 130 (67.0) (N = 194) 105 (72.9) (N = 144) 0.243
 Baseline vs. 6 months P = 0.022 P < 0.001  
Calculated LDLa (<2.59 mmol/L)
 At baseline 125 (56.8) (N = 220) 96 (56.8) (N = 169) 0.998
 After 6 months 157 (71.4) (N = 220) 126 (74.6) (N = 169) 0.483
 Baseline vs. 6 months P = 0.022 P < 0.001  
  1. BP blood pressure, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. aCalculated LDL = total cholesterol – (triglyceride/5) – HDL