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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of predictors of LV phenotype, systolic and diastolic function

From: Silent diabetic cardiomyopathy in everyday practice: a clinical and echocardiographic study

  R2   Age Gender BMI DM HTA AP
LV EDD (cm) 0.188 B −0.001 −0.348 0.025 0.001 0.039 0.060
Beta −0.005 −0.363 0.213 0.001 0.035 0.054
p 0.921 <0.001 <0.001 0.994 0.598 0.418
LV ESD (cm) 0.204 B −0.002 −0.287 0.020 0.068 0.091 0.123
Beta −0.023 −0.342 0.191 0.073 0.093 0.126
p 0.666 <0.001 0.001 0.276 0.159 0.056
LVM (g) 0.258 B 0.195 −7.984 0.502 16.646 3.151 −0.196
Beta 0.061 −0.207 0.105 0.388 0.070 −0.004
p 0.238 <0.001 0.050 <0.001 0.268 0.945
LVM index (g/m2) 0.175 B 0.146 4.209 −0.060 7.861 0.232 −0.073
Beta 0.090 0.213 −0.024 0.357 0.010 −0.003
p 0.101 <0.001 0.664 <0.001 0.880 0.962
LV RWT 0.328 B 0.000 0.012 0.001 0.031 −0.013 −0.004
Beta 0.053 0.141 0.054 0.312 −0.128 −0.035
p 0.350 0.013 0.534 <0.001 0.066 0.612
LV concentric remodeling 0.101 Exp (B) 1.004 1.782 1.043 2.949 0.567 0.968
p 0.840 0.020 0.185 0.002 0.102 0.925
LAV (ml) 0.246 B 0.005 0.857 0.148 6.925 2.502 1.537
Beta 0.003 0.053 0.073 0.381 0.132 0.081
p 0.948 0.314 0.174 <0.001 0.040 0.205
LAVI (ml/m2) 0.326 B 0.015 3.293 0.143 3.510 0.676 0.658
Beta 0.020 0.372 0.081 0.373 0.064 0.062
p 0.725 <0.001 0.183 <0.001 0.366 0.380
LV ejection fraction (%) 0.244 B 0.027 −0.534 0.006 −5.383 −2.873 −2.466
Beta 0.024 −0.039 0.004 −0.351 −0.179 −0.153
p 0.647 0.458 0.945 <0.001 0.005 0.017
LV fraction of shortening (%) 0.255 B 0.027 −0.051 −0.028 −2.863 −2.186 −1.892
Beta 0.039 −0.006 −0.027 −0.308 −0.225 −0.195
p 0.456 0.906 0.619 <0.001 <0.001 0.002
MAPSE (mm) 0.283 B −0.007 −0.062 −0.030 −1.447 −1.073 −1.080
Beta −0.022 −0.015 −0.057 −0.313 −0.222 −0.224
p 0.668 0.768 0.273 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
E/A 0.183 B 0.002 0.005 −0.004 −0.189 −0.154 −0.052
Beta 0.045 0.008 −0.057 −0.270 −0.211 −0.071
p 0.404 0.886 0.312 <0.001 0.002 0.285
E deceleration time (msec) 0.250 B 0.778 −4.100 0.242 34.427 9.797 6.221
Beta 0.122 −0.053 0.025 0.401 0.109 0.069
p 0.020 0.306 0.638 <0.001 0.087 0.276
Isovolumic Relaxation Time (msec) 0.150 B 0.110 −1.391 0.012 5.379 6.320 4.269
Beta 0.055 −1.035 0.004 0.199 0.223 0.151
p 0.324 0.301 0.945 0.004 0.001 0.027
Eprim (m/s) 0.150 B 0.000 0.002 0.000 −0.022 −0.009 −0.008
Beta 0.056 0.023 −0.039 −0.283 −0.113 −0.103
p 0.315 0.677 0.496 <0.001 0.097 0.129
E/Eprim 0.183 B −0.021 −0.456 0.042 2.636 0.070 0.225
Beta −0.043 −0.075 0.056 0.388 0.010 0.032
p 0.434 0.168 0.321 <0.001 0.883 0.632
S/D ratio 0.106 B 0.002 −0.015 −0.012 −0.002 −0.090 −0.103
Beta 0.059 −0.032 −0.207 −0.003 −0.161 −0.184
p 0.299 0.571 <0.001 0.964 0.021 0.008
Vp (m/s) 0.401 B −0.001 −0.053 −0.004 −0.184 −0.033 −0.036
Beta −0.021 −0.164 −0.092 −0.510 −0.088 −0.095
p 0.651 <0.001 0.055 <0.001 0.125 0.096
Myocardial Performance Index 0.292 B 0.001 −0.013 0.001 0.069 0.037 0.031
Beta 0.027 −0.077 0.033 0.375 0.190 0.161
p 0.592 0.130 0.533 <0.001 0.002 0.010
Slong(%) 0.164 B −0.004 −0.347 −0.003 −1.350 −1.041 −1.088
Beta −0.009 −0.068 −0.004 −0.236 −0.174 −0.182
p 0.868 0.219 0.941 0.001 0.010 0.007
Scirc (%) 0.280 B 0.004 −0.155 −0.155 −0.082 −2.907 −2.096
Beta 0.009 −0.028 −0.165 −0.013 −0.446 −0.322
p 0.857 0.587 0.002 0.837 <0.001 <0.001
SRlongE (s−1) 0.447 B −0.001 0.006 −0.003 −0.232 −0.064 −0.024
Beta −0.046 0.015 −0.041 −0.572 −0.141 −0.054
p 0.388 0.775 0.457 <0.001 0.029 0.404
  1. LV left ventricle, LV EDD LV end diastolic diameter, LV ESD LV end systolic diameter, LVM LV mass, LVM index LV mass index, LV RWT LV relative wall thickness, LAV left atrial volume, LAVI left atrial volume index, MAPSE mitral annular plane systolic excursion, E early mitral inflow wave, A late mitral inflow wave, Eprim early diastolic mitral annular velocity by tissue Doppler imaging, S pulmonary venous flow systolic velocity, D pulmonary venous flow diastolic velocity, Vp mitral flow propagation velocity, S long peak longitudinal strain, S circ peak circumferential strain, SR long E early diastolic longitudinal strain rate