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Table 1 Subject’s characteristics for all groups

From: Diastolic versus systolic ankle-brachial pressure index using ultrasound imaging & automated oscillometric measurement in diabetic patients with calcified and non-calcified lower limb arteries

Parameter/Group Group A Group B Group C
Diabetic patients with calcified limb arteries Diabetic patients with non-calcified limb arteries Healthy volunteers
Number Patients/Legs 26/52 25/50 25/50
Sex Female/Male 9/17 9/16 10/15
Age (Mean ± SD, y) 66.8 ± 8.6 63.2 ± 6.8 62.7 ± 4.5
BMI (Mean ± SD,kg/m2) 29 ± 5 28.5 ± 4.5 27 ± 4
Fasting Plasma Glucose (Mean ± SD, mmol/l) 8.49 ± 1.13 7.03 ± 0.52 5.41 ± 0.40
HbA1c (Mean ± SD, %) 7.72 ± 0.62 6.62 ± 0.44 5.10 ± 0.30
Pedal pulse
 Strong 10 50 50
 Weak 42 0 0
 Not felt 0 0 0
Risk Factors for PAD
 Smoker 10 9 0
 Dyslipidemia 22 18 0
 Hypertension 26 23 0
 Renal Impairment/Insufficiency 3 0 0
Medication History
 Insulin injections 19 7 0
 Hypoglycemic drugs 7 18 0
 Antilipid drugs 22 18 0
 Antihypertensive drugs 26 24 0