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Table 2 Risk of bias: Randomised controlled trials

From: What is the impact of systems of care for heart failure on patients diagnosed with heart failure: a systematic review

Author, year Random sequence generation Allocation concealment Blinding of participants and personnel Blinding of outcome assessment Incomplete outcome data Selective reporting Other bias Overall risk of bias
Transitional care7
 Jaarsma, 2008 [44] Low Unclear High Low Low Low None Low
Nurse-led outpatient clinic
 Driscoll, 2014 [45] Low Unclear High Unclear Low Low None Low
Telemonitoring programs
 Schwarz, 2008 [59] Unclear Low High Unclear Unclear Low None Unclear
 Woodend, 2008 [57] Unclear Low High Unclear Low Low None Low
 Chaudhry, 2010 [55] Low Unclear High Low Unclear Low None Low
 Koehler, 2011 [52] Low Unclear High Low Low Low None Low
 Angermann, 2012 [39] Low Low High Low Low Low None Low
 Dendale, 2012 [54] Low Low High Low Low Low None Low
 Pekmezaris, 2012 [56] Low Unclear High Unclear Low Low None Low
 Krum, 2013 [53] Low Low Low Low Low Low None Low
 Black, 2014 [58] Low Low Low Unclear Unclear Unclear None Unclear