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Table 1 The clinical and metabolic characteristics of two groups

From: The interaction effects of risk factors for hypertension in adults: a cross-sectional survey in Guilin, China

Variables Cases Controls t /χ2 value P-valuea
N 1623 5037 - -
Age (years) 57.70 ± 11.32 44.97 ± 12.53 36.410 0.000
Sex (male/female) 940/683 2540/2497 27.605 0.000
NAFLD (%) 31.10 15.30 197.863 0.000
SBP (mmHg) 150.17 ± 13.83 118.77 ± 12.18 87.299 0.000
DBP (mmHg) 91.45 ± 9.47 73.86 ± 8.78 68.837 0.000
BMI (kg/m2) 25.52 ± 2.96 23.71 ± 3.09 20.773 0.000
FPG (mmol/L) 5.84 ± 1.22 5.38 ± 0.91 16.332 0.000
2hPG (mmol/L) 7.15 ± 1.40 7.08 ± 1.96 1.531 0.126
UA (μmol/L) 351.31 ± 87.18 318.60 ± 84.52 13.456 0.000
TG (mmol/L) 1.93 ± 1.38 1.47 ± 1.10 13.613 0.000
TC (mmol/L) 5.18 ± 0.89 4.86 ± 0.87 12.954 0.000
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.47 ± 0.85 3.11 ± 0.85 14.793 0.000
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.38 ± 0.37 1.46 ± 0.40 −7.078 0.000
  1. Variables are shown as mean ± standard deviation (SD), number (n) or percentage (%). The cases were referring to the adult hypertensive patients, and the controls were referring to the normotensives
  2. Abbreviations: N number, NAFLD non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BMI body mass index, FPG fasting plasma glucose, 2hPG 2-h plasma glucose, UA uric acid, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  3. aP-values compare clinical and metabolic characteristics between 1623 cases and 5037 controls, using either Independent-Samples t-test or χ2-test