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Table 3 Frequencies of self-management adherence by outcomes, group and time

From: Effects of a home-based activation intervention on self-management adherence and readmission in rural heart failure patients: the PATCH randomized controlled trial

Variable Group   Baseline 3 Months 6 Months
Days missed any medication doses in past 7 daysa Intervention 0 days 86.3 % (44/51) 84.3 % (43/51) 86.0 % (43/50)
≥1 day 13.7 % (7/51) 15.7 % (8/51) 14.0 (7/50)
Control 0 days 81.6 % (40/49) 68.1 % (32/47) 68.1 % (32/47)
≥1 day 18.4 % (9/49) 31.9 % (15/47) 31.9 % (15/47)
  χ2 = .130 (p = .719) b χ2 = 2.74 (p = .098) b χ2 = 3.47 (p = .060) b
Kept scheduled appointment with primary care provider (within 30 days) Intervention   100 % (51/51)   
Control   97.9 % (46/47)   
  Fisher’s exact p = .295c   
Days/wk follow low-sodium diet Intervention 0 days - 7.8 % (4/51) 14.0 % (7/50)
1 – 6 days - 35.3 % (18/51) 30.0 % (15/50)
7 days - 56.9 % (29/51) 56.0 % (28/50)
Control 0 days - 38.3 % (18/47) 55.3 % (26/47)
1 – 6 days - 40.4 % (19/47) 21.3 % (10/47)
7 days - 21.3 % (10/47) 23.4 % (11.47)
   χ2 = 18.06 (p < .0005) χ2 = 19.28 (p < .0005)
Days/wk exercise Intervention 0 days - 2.0 % (1/51) 12.0 % (6/50)
1 – 6 days - 52.9 % (27/51) 50.0 % (25/50)
7 days - 45.1 % (23/51) 38.0 % (19/50)
Control 0 days - 23.4 % (11/47) 23.9 % (11/46)
1 – 6 days - 42.6 % (20/47) 58.7 % (27/46)
7 days - 34.0 % (16/47) 17.4 % (8/46)
   χ2 = 10.49 (p = .005) χ2 = 5.87 (p = .053)
Days/wk weigh self Intervention 0 days - 13.7 % (7/51) 6.0 % (3/50)
1 – 6 days - 41.2 % (21/51) 56.0 % (28/50)
7 days - 45.1 % (23/51) 38.0 % (19/50)
Control 0 days - 46.8 % (22/47) 53.2 % (25/47)
1 – 6 days - 34.0 % (16/47) 31.9 % (15/47)
7 days - 19.1 % (9/47) 14.9 % (7/47)
   χ2 = 14.42 (p = .001) χ2 = 26.69 (p < .0005)
≤1500 mg Na daily Intervention Not met 96.1 % (49/51) 98.0 % (49/50) 98.0 % (49/50)
Met 3.9 % (2/51) 2.0 % (1/51) 2.0 % (1/50)
Control Not met 100 % (49/49) 100 % (47/47) 100 % (47/47)
Met 0 % (0/49) 0 % (0/47) 0 % (0/47)
  Fisher’s exact p = .495c Fisher’s exact p = 1.00c Fisher’s exact p = 1.00c
Exercise 7 days/wk (self-report) Intervention Not met - 54.9 % (28/51) 62.0 % (31/50)
Met - 45.1 % (23/51) 38.0 % (19/50)
Control Not met - 66.0 % (31/47) 82.6 % (38/46)
Met - 34.0 % (16/47) 17.4 % (8/46)
   χ2 = 1.25 (p = .264) χ2 = 5.03 (p = .025)
≥120 mins/wk of moderate or more intense activityd Intervention Not met 91.8 % (45/49) 88.0 % (44/50) 91.5 % (43/47)
Met 8.2 % (4/49) 12.0 % (6/50) 8.5 % (4/47)
Control Not met 100 % (42/42) 95.7 % (44/46) 95.7 % (45/47)
Met 0 % (0/42) 4.3 % (2/46) 4.3 % (2/47)
  Fisher’s exact p = .121c Fisher’s exact p = .271c Fisher’s exact p = .677c
  1. aWith three categories, days with missed medication doses did not meet the assumptions of the χ2 test. Because very few patients missed 7 days at any time point (1 in the intervention group at 3 months and at 6 months and 1 in the control group at 6 months), data from 1 to 6 days and 7 days were combined
  2. bWith continuity correction for 2 × 2 table
  3. cFisher’s exact test was used for 2 × 2 tables when assumptions of χ2 test were not met
  4. dCriteria of recommended 150 min/wk considered met if 80 % (120 min) of target achieved