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Table 2 Echocardiographic parameters comparison of normotension, prehypertension and hypertension

From: Geometrical and functional changes of left heart in adults with prehypertension and hypertension: a cross-sectional study from China

Variables NT PH HT
  N = 1651 N = 3616 N = 5280
IVSd, cm 0.83 ± 0.18 0.84 ± 0.12 0.93 ± 0.29#†
LVIDd, cm 4.56 ± 0.37 4.68 ± 0.40* 4.76 ± 0.43#†
LVIDs, cm 3.0 ± 0.37 3.08 ± 0.40& 3.15 ± 0.43#†
PWTd, cm 0.83 ± 0.22 0.84 ± 0.30 0.89 ± 0.22#†
LVM, g 122.7 ± 65.8 133.6 ± 74.5* 153.1 ± 103#†
LVMIht2.7, g/m2.7 34.5 ± 19.1 36.8 ± 20.7* 42.9 ± 27.7#†
LVMIBSA, g/m2 77.4 ± 41.2 81.3 ± 44.9* 91.7 ± 59.5#†
RWT 0.36 ± 0.07 0.36 ± 0.08 0.38 ± 0.09#†
LVH, height2.7, n (%) 97 (5.9) 272 (8.6) 1500 (28.4)**
LVH, BSA, n (%) 81 (4.9) 192 (5.3) 1019 (19.3)**
AOD, cm 2.16 ± 0.25 2.22 ± 0.31* 2.28 ± 0.30#†
LAD, cm 3.20 ± 0.35 3.31 ± 0.37* 3.45 ± 0.40#†
LAD/BSA, cm/ m2 2.03 ± 0.23 2.03 ± 0.24* 2.08 ± 0.26#†
E wave, cm/s 76.6 ± 19.0 75.0 ± 19.4& 70.1 ± 18.8#†
A wave, cm/s 67.5 ± 15.2 72.0 ± 15.8* 81.2 ± 17.7#†
E/A 1.19 ± 0.38 1.09 ± 0.37* 0.91 ± 0.34#†
LVEDV, ml 96.3 ± 18.3 102.5 ± 21.0* 106.6 ± 22.8#†
LVESV, ml 35.7 ± 10.7 38.4 ± 12.3& 40.7 ± 13.6#†
SV, ml 60.6 ± 14.8 64.1 ± 17.8& 65.9 ± 19.2#†
LVEF, % 62.82 ± 8.88 62.41 ± 9.87 61.67 ± 10.33#†
FS, % 34.27 ± 6.46 34.14 ± 7.13 33.68 ± 7.39#†
  1. *P < 0.001 between PH and NT, &P < 0.05 between PH and NT, #P < 0.001 between HT and PH, †P < 0.001 between HT and NT, ** P < 0.001 among three groups