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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for normotension, prehypertension and hypertension

From: Geometrical and functional changes of left heart in adults with prehypertension and hypertension: a cross-sectional study from China

Variables NT PH HT
N = 1651 N = 3616 N = 5280
Age 48.4 ± 9.0 50.9 ± 9.7* 57.1 ± 10.1#†
Males, n (%) 544 (32.9) 1728 (47.8) 2553 (48.4)
Han ethnicity, n (%) 1575 3428 5014
Height, cm 160.1 ± 7.5 161.3 ± 8.2* 160.2 ± 8.4#
Weight, kg 59.5 ± 9.6 63.6 ± 11.1* 65.8 ± 11.5#†
WC, cm 77.7 ± 8.6 80.9 ± 9.3* 84.8 ± 9.7#†
BSA, m2 1.59 ± 0.15 1.64 ± 0.18* 1.67 ± 0.18#†
BMI, kg/ m2 23.2 ± 3.3 24.4 ± 3.5* 25.6 ± 3.6#†
BMI ≥ 30 kg/ m2, n (%) 2.4 5.9 10.5**
Current smoke, n (%) 32.6 36.6 34.7**
Current drinking, n (%) 12.6 23.8 24.5**
Heart rate, bmp 76 ± 11 77 ± 12* 79 ± 14#†
SBP, mmHg 112.1 ± 5.8 129.2 ± 5.8* 158.7 ± 19.3#†
DBP, mmHg 69.1 ± 5.8 77.7 ± 6.4* 88.8 ± 11.0#†
MAP, mmHg 83.5 ± 5.1 94.8 ± 5.1* 112.1 ± 11.7#†
PP, mmHg 43.0 ± 5.8 51.6 ± 7.4* 69.9 ± 17.4#†
TC, mmol/L 4.9 ± 1.0 5.1 ± 1.0* 5.4 ± 1.1#†
TG, mmol/L 1.3 ± 1.1 1.5 ± 1.3* 1.8 ± 1.6#†
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.6 ± 0.7 2.8 ± 0.8* 3.1 ± 0.9#†
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.4 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.4* 1.4 ± 0.4†
FPG, mmol/L 5.5 ± 1.2 5.7 ± 1.3* 6.2 ± 1.9#†
PC, mg/dl 70.1 ± 11.6 71.2 ± 12.8 72.9 ± 27.3#†
Hemoglobin, g/dl 132.8 ± 17.2 138.6 ± 20.0* 140.6 ± 18.1#†
UA, umol/L 270.7 ± 77.2 285.2 ± 81.3* 301.0 ± 87.2#†
Antihypertensive medication, n (%) 0 0 1525 (28.9)
  1. NT indicates normotension; PH, prehypertension; HT, hypertension
  2. *P < 0.001 between PH and NT, #P < 0.001 between HT and PH, †P < 0.001 between HT and NT, ** P < 0.001 among three groups