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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of abnormally high CAVI scores by status of prediabetes and diabetes mellitus

From: Estimating the extent of subclinical arteriosclerosis of persons with prediabetes and diabetes mellitus among Japanese urban workers and their families: a cross-sectional study

  Age ≤29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70+
Men        
Normal prevalence 6.0 10.9 13.2 21.5 12.8 11.8
  persons at risk 1042 2338 1731 1235 704 152
Prediabetes        
  prevalence 9.1 16.3 15.5 23.3 16.9 12.1
  persons at risk 22 270 555 738 350 66
Diabetes        
  prevalence __ 11.8 19.1 43.7 26.9 20.3
  persons at risk 2 51 110 263 193 59
χ2value for linear trend
(p-value)
__ 4.25 (0.039) 4.31 (0.038) 39.9 (0.000) 21.16 (0.000) 2.14 (0.144)
Women        
Normal prevalence 5.9 14.8 11.6 19.8 23.2 33.9
  persons at risk 892 2657 2340 2235 711 112
Prediabetes        
  prevalence __ 16.9 12.4 21.9 23.3 30.5
  persons at risk 11 413 728 1184 361 59
Diabetes        
  prevalence __ __ 20.3 37.7 42.1 __
  persons at risk 2 19 59 159 76 15
χ2value for linear trend
(p-value)
__ __ 2.12 (0.145) 17.53 (0.000) 6.24 (0.012) __
  1. Note: ― indicates that the sample size was too small to obtain meaningful prevalence