Skip to main content

Table 4 Peri-procedural complications and safety events

From: Left atrial appendage morphology, echocardiographic characterization, procedural data and in-hospital outcome of patients receiving left atrial appendage occlusion device implantation: a prospective observational study

  Watchman ACP 2 All p Value
Overall complications, n (%) 11 (50) 9 (60.0) 20 (54.1) 0.549
Major complications, n (%) 3 (13.6) 0 (0) 3 (8.1) 0.136
Device embolization, n (%) 1 (4.5) 0 (0) 1 (2.7) 0.403
Circulatory failure, n (%) 2 (9.1) 0 (0) 2 (5.4) 0.230
 - With CPR 1 (4.5) 0 (0) 1 (2.7) 0.403
 - Without CPR 1 (4.5) 0 (0) 1 (2.7) 0.403
Bleeding complications, n (%) 8 (36.4) 9 (60.0) 17 (48.6) 0.157
 - Groin bruise 4 (18.2) 5 (33.3) 9 (24.3) 0.292
 - Groin bleeding 3 (13.6) 3 (20.0) 6 (16.2) 0.606
 - Pericardial effusion 1 (4.5) 0 (0) 1 (2.7) 0.403
 - Other (dental) 0 (0) 1 (6.7) 1 (2.7) 0.220
Access-site bleedings, n (%) 7 (31.9) 8 (53.3) 15 (40.5) 0.191
 - Venous access 0 (0.0) 1 (6.7) 1 (2.7) 0.220
 - Arterial access 4 (18.2) 2 (13.3) 6 (16.2) 0.694
 - Both access-sites 3 (13.6) 5 (33.3) 8 (21.6) 0.153
BARC score, each n (%)     
 - Type 1 7 (31.8) 6 (40.0) 13 (35.1) 0.609
 - Type 2 1 (4.5) 2 (13.3) 3 (8.1) 0.336
 - Type 3a 0 (0.0) 1 (6.7) 1 (2.7) 0.220
 - Type 3b 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) -
 - Type 3c 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) -
 - Type 4 - - - -
 - Type 5a 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) -
 - Type 5b 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) -
  1. Values are given as total numbers (percentage). BARC score Bleeding Academic Research Consortium score, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation