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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with hypertension among adults in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 2011

From: Hypertension among adults in Bangladesh: evidence from a national cross-sectional survey

Variables COR CI   AOR CI  
Age group       
 35–39 Ref    Ref   
 40–44 1.43 1.17–1.75 ** 1.45 1.18–1.79 **
 45–49 1.88 1.54–2.30 *** 2.00 1.62–2.47 ***
 50–54 2.00 1.63–2.46 *** 2.56 2.05–3.20 ***
 55–59 2.51 2.01–3.14 *** 2.71 2.12–3.46 ***
 60–69 3.09 2.54–3.76 *** 3.77 3.01–4.72 ***
 70+ 3.59 2.93–4.40 *** 4.16 3.24–5.36 ***
Sex       
 Male Ref    Ref   
 Female 1.93 1.74–2.15 *** 1.44 1.19–1.74 **
Marital status       
 Currently married Ref    Ref   
 Others 2.29 2.00–2.62 *** 1.36 1.15–1.60 ***
Education       
 No education Ref    Ref   
 Primary education 1.16 1.03–1.31 ** 1.11 0.97–1.28  
 Secondary education 1.17 0.99–1.38 * 1.35 1.12–1.63 **
 Higher education 1.27 1.00–1.60 ** 1.63 1.25–2.14 ***
Working status       
 No Ref    Ref   
 Yes 0.43 0.39–0.49 *** 0.64 0.53–0.77 ***
Wealth index       
 Poorest Ref    Ref   
 Poorer 1.21 1.01–1.46 ** 1.22 1.01–1.48 **
 Middle 1.28 1.07–1.54 ** 1.21 1.00–1.48 **
 Richer 1.69 1.42–2.01 *** 1.50 1.23–1.82 ***
 Richest 2.61 2.20–3.09 *** 1.91 1.54–2.38 ***
Place of residence       
 Rural Ref    Ref   
 Urban 1.57 1.39–1.77 *** 1.16 1.00–1.35 *
Division of residence       
 Barisal Ref    Ref   
 Chittagong 0.90 0.69–1.17   0.72 0.54–0.96 **
 Dhaka 1.16 0.91–1.48   1.04 0.84–1.36  
 Khulna 1.33 1.02–1.74 ** 1.35 1.02–1.79 **
 Rajshahi 1.01 0.77–1.32   1.07 0.81–1.43  
 Rangpur 1.23 0.93–1.60   1.46 1.09–1.94 **
 Sylhet 0.82 0.59–1.13   0.75 0.52–1.06 *
Body mass index       
 Normal Ref    Ref   
 Overweight or obese 2.65 2.30–3.04 *** 2.19 1.87–2.57 ***
Diabetes status       
 No Ref    Ref   
 Yes 1.99 1.71–2.32 *** 1.54 1.31–1.83 ***
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio
  2. Notes: *** < 0.01, ** < 0.5, * < 0.1