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Table 1 Characteristic of the study participants by hypertension status, Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 2011

From: Hypertension among adults in Bangladesh: evidence from a national cross-sectional survey

  Total No hypertension Hypertension  
Variables n % n % n %  
Age group        ***
 35–39 1477 18.8 1267 21.8 210 10.4  
 40–44 1372 17.5 1096 18.8 276 13.7  
 45–49 1213 15.5 923 15.8 290 14.4  
 50–54 1053 13.4 777 13.3 276 13.7  
 55–59 689 8.8 482 8.3 207 10.3  
 60–69 1095 14.0 710 12.2 385 19.1  
 70+ 940 12.0 569 9.8 371 18.4  
Sex        ***
 Male 3875 49.4 3122 53.6 753 37.4  
 Female 3964 50.6 2701 46.4 1263 62.6  
Marital status        ***
 Currently married 6595 84.1 5091 87.4 1504 74.6  
 Others 1243 15.9 732 12.6 511 25.4  
Education        **
 No education 3724 47.5 2732 46.9 992 49.2  
 Primary education 2560 32.7 1954 33.6 606 30.1  
 Secondary education 1108 14.1 816 14.0 292 14.5  
 Higher education 446 5.7 321 5.5 125 6.2  
Working status        ***
 No 4073 52.0 2723 46.8 1350 67.0  
 Yes 3762 48.0 3098 53.2 664 33.0  
Wealth index        ***
 Poorest 1524 19.4 1237 21.2 287 14.2  
 Poorer 1508 19.2 1182 20.3 326 16.2  
 Middle 1551 19.8 1205 20.7 346 17.2  
 Richer 1619 20.7 1172 20.1 447 22.2  
 Richest 1637 20.9 1027 17.6 610 30.3  
Place of residence        ***
 Rural 6009 76.7 4590 78.8 1419 70.4  
 Urban 1829 23.3 1233 21.2 596 29.6  
Division of residence        ***
 Barisal 464 5.9 350 6.0 114 5.7  
 Chittagong 1334 17 1041 17.9 293 14.5  
 Dhaka 2514 32.1 1834 31.5 680 33.7  
 Khulna 1020 13 712 12.2 308 15.3  
 Rajshahi 1136 14.5 867 14.9 269 13.3  
 Rangpur 922 11.8 663 11.4 259 12.9  
 Sylhet 449 5.7 357 6.1 92 4.6  
Body mass index        ***
 Normal 6586 86.5 5088 89.8 1480 76.9  
 Overweight or obese 1023 13.5 579 10.2 444 23.1  
Diabetes status        ***
 No 6699 89.0 5074 90.9 1625 83.6  
 Yes 825 11.0 506 9.1 319 16.4  
  1. Notes: *** < 0.01, ** < 0.5, * < 0.1