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Table 4 Multivariable analysis of the association between earlobe crease and personal history of cardiovascular disease, CoLaus study, Lausanne, 2009–2012

From: Did Dumbo suffer a heart attack? independent association between earlobe crease and cardiovascular disease

Adjusted for Age and gender Age, gender and BMI
History of OR (95 % CI) P-value OR (95 % CI) P-value
 Any CVD 1.55 (1.21; 1.98) <0.001 1.47 (1.14; 1.89) <0.01
 Coronary artery disease 1.85 (1.30; 2.63) <0.001 1.80 (1.26; 2.58) <0.001
 Angina pectoris 1.28 (0.81; 2.03) 0.30 1.19 (0.74; 1.90) 0.47
 Myocardial infarction 1.69 (1.08; 2.64) <0.05 1.59 (1.01; 2.51) <0.05
 Stroke 1.34 (0.84; 2.15) 0.23 1.30 (0.79; 2.11) 0.30
 CABG 1.70 (0.97; 3.00) 0.07 1.67 (0.93; 2.99) 0.09
High CVD risk     
 SCORE recalibrated 1.11 (0.88; 1.41) 0.37 1.10 (0.87; 1.39) 0.44
 Framingham 1998 1.09 (0.85; 1.41) 0.50 0.99 (0.76; 1.28) 0.91
 Framingham 1998 r. 1.15 (0.91; 1.47) 0.25 1.04 (0.81; 1.34) 0.75
  1. Results are expressed as adjusted odds ratio (95 % confidence interval) for presence relative to the absence of ELC. Statistical analysis by logistic regression
  2. BMI body mass index; OR odds ratio; CVD cardiovascular disease; CABG coronary artery bypass graft; high cardiovascular disease risk defined as a 10-year risk ≥5 % for SCORE and as a 10-year risk ≥20 % for Framingham. r. recalibrated