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Table 7 Risk factors analysis of any and definite CAD

From: Prevalence of coronary artery disease and its risk factors in Kerala, South India: a community-based cross-sectional study

Risk factor Any CAD Definite CAD
  Yes No Difference (%) 95 % CI p value Yes No Difference (%) 95 % CI p value
  n % SE n % SE     n % SE n % SE    
Diabetes 851 17.07 1.97 4284 14.89 0.52 2.18 (−0.56,4.93) 0.106 296 33.30 5.24 4839 14.73 0.50 18.57 (13.11,24.03) <0.001
Hypertension 852 32.19 2.04 4301 27.67 0.67 4.51 (1.10,7.92) 0.008 295 51.32 5.34 4858 28.04 0.64 23.29 (17.44,29.13) <0.001
High cholesterol 849 47.63 3.24 4272 52.82 0.92 −5.19 (−8.86,−1.51) 0.006 293 41.01 5.68 4828 53.01 0.88 −12.00 (−17.81,−6.20) <0.001
Low HDL 849 43.62 3.53 4271 37.59 0.92 6.04 (2.40,9.68) 0.001 293 42.76 5.90 4827 38.33 0.89 4.44 (−1.39,10.26) 0.13
Smoking 855 6.91 1.02 4312 11.80 0.56 −4.89 (−6.85,−2.94) <0.001 297 15.69 4.42 4870 11.22 0.53 4.46 (0.23,8.69) 0.019
Physical inactivity 855 15.55 2.17 4312 17.49 0.68 −1.94 (−4.62,0.74) 0.170 297 31.02 5.32 4870 17.13 0.65 13.89 (8.52,19.25) <0.001
Family history 855 27.06 3.09 4312 17.37 0.66 9.70 (6.51,12.88) <0.001 297 25.29 4.06 4870 18.03 0.65 7.27 (2.21,12.33) 0.002