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Table 6 Age adjusted prevalence of major risk factors of CAD by gender and area

From: Prevalence of coronary artery disease and its risk factors in Kerala, South India: a community-based cross-sectional study

Risk factor All Men Women p value**
   Urban Rural p value* Urban Rural p value*  
  n % SE n % SE n % SE   n % SE n % SE   
Diabetes 5135 15.23 0.50 962 19.14 1.40 1097 16.23 1.16 0.0831 1272 15.40 0.95 1804 12.47 0.73 0.020 <0.001
Hypertension 5153 28.44 0.63 967 39.99 2.04 1095 26.24 1.33 <0.001 1275 30.15 1.29 1816 23.42 0.85 <0.001 <0.001
High cholesterol 5121 52.31 0.88 960 56.54 2.22 1092 53.36 1.85 0.1487 1264 49.23 1.76 1805 52.35 1.35 0.089 0.023
Low HDL 5120 38.55 0.88 959 23.92 1.94 1092 27.56 1.69 0.0603 1264 43.41 2.02 1805 48.73 1.44 0.004 <0.001
Smoking 2072 28.05 1.19 971 30.45 2.00 1101 26.88 1.48 0.0721 - - - - - - - -
Physical inactivity 5167 17.45 0.64 971 30.72 2.06 1101 28.77 1.64 0.3315 1277 11.19 1.19 1818 9.38 0.64 0.101 <0.001
Family history 5167 18.35 0.64 971 18.97 1.47 1101 17.37 1.39 0.3467 1277 20.37 1.39 1818 16.92 1.02 0.015 0.939
  1. P prevalence, SE standard error, *p value between urban and rural; **p value between men and women