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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics of participants according to snoring status

From: The relationship between snoring and left ventricular hypertrophy of China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Non-snorers Snorers P-value
Mean ± SD    
End-diastolic left ventricular internal dimension (LVID), mm 4.7 ± 0.4 4.8 ± 0.4 <0.001
End-diastolic interventricular septum thickness (IVST), mm 0.9 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.2 <0.001
End-diastolic posterior wall thickness (PWT), mm 0.9 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.2 <0.001
Myocardial relative wall thickness (RWT), mm 0.4 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 0.074
Left atrial dimension (LAD) (mm) 3.3 ± 0.4 3.4 ± 0.4 <0.001
Ejection fraction (EF), (%) 63.0 ± 3.8 62.9 ± 3.8 0.192
Early/late diastolic peak flow velocity (E/A) ratio 1.1 ± 0.5 1.0 ± 1.5 0.012
Left ventricular mass (g) 137.8 ± 98.3 149.1 ± 80.0 <0.001
Left ventricular mass index (g/m2.7) 38.8 ± 27.6 41.0 ± 20.7 <0.001
Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy, % 461 (7.9) 551 (12.9) <0.001