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Table 2 Summary of various heart failure symptoms experienced by subjects based on the heart Failure Symptoms Assessing Questionnaire at baseline and latest follow-up visit, N = 69

From: Pharmacist intervention in the prevention of heart failure for high-risk elderly patients in the community

Question no. Symptoms of heart failure Baseline n(%) Latest visit, n(%) Difference, n(%) P value
1 Chest pain 22 (31.88) 13(18.84) −9 (13.04) 0.064
2 Shortness of breath 22 (31.88) 9(13.04) −13 (18.84) 0.004
3 Dyspnea 10 (14.49) 5 (7.25) −5(7.25) 0.125
4 Dizziness or fainting when position changed 18 (26.09) 10 (14.49) -8 (11.59) 0.057
5 Dyspnea when. lying down 3 (4.35) 5 (7.25) +2 (2.90) 0.727
6 Fatigue easily 35 (50.72) 23 (33.33) −12 (17.39) 0.029
7 Edema 22 (33.33) 11 (15.94) −12(17.39) 0.008
8 Sleeping pattern disturbed due to difficulty breathing 10 (14.49) 7(10.14) −3 (4.35) 0.549
9 Idiopathic cough 10 (14.49) 4 (5.80) −6(8.70) 0.109
10 Limitation of physical activity 36 (52.17) 18 (26.09) −18 (26.09) 0.001
10a - Discomfort when climbing stairs 31 (49.28) 18 (26.09) −13 (18.84) 0.015
10b - Discomfort when walking 9(13.04) 5 (7.25) -4 (5.80) 0.344
10c - Discomfort at rest 2 (2.90) 5 (7.25) +3 (4.35) 0.375
Total no. of subject symptoms of heart failure 63 (91.30) 41 (59.42) −22 (31.88) <0.001
No. of symptoms experienced by individual, mean ± SD 2.96 ± 1.93 1.52 ± 1.91 −1.43 ± 1.90 <0.001
Symptoms experienced by most subjects Limitation of physical activity Fatigue easily
2nd most symptoms experienced by subjects Fatigue easily Limitation of physical activity
No. of subjects experienced
1 symptom 10 (14.49) 15(21.74) +5 (7.25) 0.225
2 symptoms 14 (3.0.29) 9(13.04) −5(7.25) 0.251
3 symptoms 15 (21.74) 8 (11.59) −7 (10.14) 0.108
≥4 symptoms 24 (34.73) 9(13.04) −15(21.74) 0.001