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Table 4 Risk factors associated with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Multivariate analysisa

From: Incidence of peripheral arterial disease in the ARTPER population cohort after 5 years of follow-up

Baseline variablesb HR CI 95 % p
Age (by year) 1.04 1.01–1.07 0.003
Low HDL (<40 mg/dl men, <50 mg/dl women) 1.68 1.08–2.63 0.023
Moderate limitation of physical activities 1.99 1.18–3.37 0.010
Only light activities or any activity causes breathlessness 2.36 1.21–4.63 0.011
Former smoker 2.49 1.53–4.05 0.000
Current smoker 3.49 2.07–5.90 0.000
  1. aAlso adjusted by baseline ankle-brachial index
  2. b20 subjects with missing values excluded