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Table 3 Prevalence (%) of modifiable CVD risk factors among adolescents by gender (asignificant gender differences)

From: Are lifestyle cardiovascular disease risk factors associated with pre-hypertension in 15–18 years rural Nigerian youth? A cross sectional study

CVD risk factors Male (%) (95 % CI) Female (%) 95 % CI Total sample % (95 %CI)
Smoking/tobaccoa 10.2 (7.5–12.8) 4.5 (2.8–6.2) 7.1 (5.6–8.7)
Alcohol usea 16.3 (13.1–19.6) 4.9 (3.1–6.60 10.8 (8.4–12.0)
Low fruit diet 10.4 (7.7–13.0) 6.8 (4.7–8.8) 42.2 (39.0–44.0)
Low vegetable diet 6.8 (4.6–8.9) 5.4 (3.5–7.2) 32.1 (29.5–35.1)
High salt diet 63.0 (58.8–67.2) 68.3 (64.5–72.1) 65.0 (62.0–67.0)
High animal lipid diet 61.2 (56.9–65.4) 58.2 (54.2–62.3) 59.8 (57.0–63.0)
Overweighta 15.0 (11.8–18.1) 15.2 (12.3–18.2) 15.2 (12.3–18.2)
Obesitya 1.8 (0.6–3.0) 5.4 (3.5–7.2) 5.7 (3.5–7.2)
High waist-hip ratioa 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 29.5 (17.6–36.6) 15.3 (13.2–17.5)
Low physical activitya 21.9 (18.3–25.5) 33.1 (29.3–27.0) 27.7 (25.2–30.6
  1. Key aindicates significant gender differences